工作

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Chinese[edit]

 
work; worker; skill
work; worker; skill; profession; trade; craft; labor
 
to regard as; to take (somebody) for; to do
to regard as; to take (somebody) for; to do; to make
simp. and trad.
(工作)

Pronunciation[edit]


Verb[edit]

工作

  1. to work (to be engaged in a mental or physical activity)
    帶病堅持工作 / 带病坚持工作  ―  dàibìng jiānchí gōngzuò  ―  to keep working despite being ill
    以為工作其實 [MSC, trad.]
    以为工作其实 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ yǐwéi wǒ zài gōngzuò, qíshí wǒ zài wán. [Pinyin]
    You thought I was working, but I was actually having fun.
  2. to work (to be employed)
    這裡工作已經 [MSC, trad.]
    这里工作已经 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ zài zhèlǐ gōngzuò yǐjīng shí duō nián le. [Pinyin]
    I've been working here for more than ten years.
    先生原單位派遣連鎖公司工作 [MSC, trad.]
    先生原单位派遣连锁公司工作 [MSC, simp.]
    Chén xiānsheng bèi yuándānwèi pàiqiǎn dào liánsuǒ gōngsī gōngzuò. [Pinyin]
    Mr. Chen was sent by his former organization to work at a chain company.
  3. to work (to function properly)
    電腦工作 [MSC, trad.]
    电脑工作 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ de diànnǎo bù gōngzuò le. [Pinyin]
    My computer is not working.

Usage notes[edit]

There are many equivalents for English to work in Chinese, the most common and generic being 工作 (gōngzuò). Use 上班 (shàngbān) for shift work, 辦公办公 (bàngōng) for office or administration work and 幹活干活 (gànhuó) for physical work.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to be engaged in a mental or physical activity): 做工 (zuògōng)
  • (to be employed): 幹活干活 (gànhuó)

Antonyms[edit]

  • (work; to be engaged in an activity): 歇息 (xiēxi)

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

工作

  1. (uncountable) work (employment)
    工作滿足感 / 工作满足感  ―  gōngzuò mǎnzúgǎn  ―  job satisfaction
    不到工作  ―  zhǎobudào gōngzuò  ―  to be unable to find work
    這裡工作 / 这里工作  ―  Wǒ zài zhèlǐ zhǎo gōngzuò.  ―  I'm looking for work here.
    工作進行順利 [MSC, trad.]
    工作进行顺利 [MSC, simp.]
    Gōngzuò jìnxíng de hěn shùnlì. [Pinyin]
    Work is going well.
    大家從事哪些具體工作 [MSC, trad.]
    大家从事哪些具体工作 [MSC, simp.]
    Dàjiā dōu shì cóngshì nǎxiē jùtǐ gōngzuò de? [Pinyin]
    Specifically what kind of work is everybody doing?
  2. (countable) job (position) (Classifier: ; )
    大學畢業工作 [MSC, trad.]
    大学毕业工作 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā dàxué bìyè liù ge yuè le, yī fèn gōngzuò dōu méi zhǎo dào. [Pinyin]
    He graduated six months ago and still hasn't found a job.
    工作辛苦需要長途飛行 [MSC, trad.]
    工作辛苦需要长途飞行 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ de gōngzuò hěn xīnkǔ, xūyào chángtú fēixíng. [Pinyin]
    My job is very exhausting as I have to fly long distances.
    爸爸失去工作一家人生活媽媽支撐 [MSC, trad.]
    爸爸失去工作一家人生活妈妈支撑 [MSC, simp.]
    Bàba shīqù le gōngzuò, yījiārén de shēnghuó quán kào māma zhīchēng. [Pinyin]
    Dad lost his job, so the whole family had to be supported by mum.
  3. (countable, uncountable) task; job; work (something to do) (Classifier: m;  m; )
    籌備工作 / 筹备工作  ―  chóubèi gōngzuò  ―  preparatory work
    基礎性工作 / 基础性工作  ―  jīchǔxìng gōngzuò  ―  groundwork
    宣傳思想工作 / 宣传思想工作  ―  xuānchuán sīxiǎng gōngzuò  ―  publicity and ideological work
    爸爸重要工作 [MSC, trad.]
    爸爸重要工作 [MSC, simp.]
    Bàba gěi wǒ yī ge hěn zhòngyào de gōngzuò. [Pinyin]
    Dad gave me a very important task.
  4. (archaic, countable) ingenious accomplishment (Classifier: )

Synonyms[edit]

  • (work):
edit

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (工作):
  • Japanese: 工作(こうさく) (kōsaku)
  • Korean: 공작 (工作, gongjak)
  • Vietnamese: công tác (工作)

Others:

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2
さく
Grade: 2
kan’on

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(こう)(さく) (kōsaku

  1. handicraft, industrial art, woodwork
  2. underground negotiation of political, foreign relations
  3. activities of espionage

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

(こう)(さく)する (kōsaku surusuru (stem (こう)(さく) (kōsaku shi), past (こう)(さく)した (kōsaku shita))

  1. to handcraft
  2. to construct
  3. to scheme

Conjugation[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

工作 (gongjak) (hangeul 공작)

  1. Hanja form? of 공작 (crafts; maneuver, maneuvering).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

工作

  1. Hán tự form of công tác (mission; task).