Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+6D3B, 活
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D3B

[U+6D3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D3C]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
活-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水竹十口 (EHJR), four-corner 32164, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 622, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17423
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1018, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1609, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6D3B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Evolved from 𣴠 or 𣿛: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːd, *ɡoːd): semantic (water) + phonetic 𠯑(OC *koːd, *l̥ʰeːmʔ) – sound of running water.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuo³⁵/
Harbin /xuo²⁴/
Tianjin /xuo⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuə⁴²/
Qingdao /xuə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuo⁴²/
Xi'an /xuo²⁴/
Xining /xu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xuə⁵³/ 幹~
/xuə¹³/ 死~
Lanzhou /xuə⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xuo²¹³/
Chengdu /xo³¹/
Guiyang /xo²¹/
Kunming /xo³¹/
Nanjing /xoʔ⁵/
Hefei /xuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuaʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /xuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuəʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦuəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦuoʔ²/
Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /xua²²/
/ua²²/
Tunxi /uːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /xo²⁴/
Xiangtan /ho²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /uɵʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /fat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /fɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wut̚²/
Nanning /wut̚²²/
Hong Kong /wut̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚⁵/
/uaʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uaʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uaʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ua³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (33)
Final () (64) (64)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑt̚/ /ɦuɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑt̚/ /ɦʷɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwat̚/ /ɦwat̚/
Li
Rong
/kuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/kuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guo huó
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huó
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwat ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ʷˤat/
English to live

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 7568 7585
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːd/ /*ɡoːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to live; to exist
  2. life; existence
  3. to make live; to provide food for
  4. having life; live
  5. lively
  6. flexible; movable
  7. flexible; adaptable; fluid
  8. job; work

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (33)
Final () (64) (64)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑt̚/ /ɦuɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑt̚/ /ɦʷɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwat̚/ /ɦwat̚/
Li
Rong
/kuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/kuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guo huó
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huó
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwat ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ʷˤat/
English to live

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 7568 7585
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːd/ /*ɡoːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. The sound of running water.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. Active

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
かつ
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (hwat, to live).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かつ, romaji katsu)

  1. life

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwal, gwal) (hangeul , , revised hwal, gwal, McCune-Reischauer hwal, kwal, Yale hwal, kwal)

  1. Activity

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoạt, oặt, oạc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.