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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
生-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
生-jbw.png
Stroke order
生-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
生-jorder.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 100 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹手一 (HQM), four-corner 25100)

  1. life, living, lifetime
  2. birth

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 754, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21670
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1162, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2575, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+751F

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping saang1, Yale saang1, sang1)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ sang, sen, Guangdong sang1, sen1, sien1 [Meixian, Hailu, Siyen], sang1, sen1 [Kwangtung, Bao'an], Hagfa Pinyim sang1, sen1)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana なま, romaji nama)

  1. raw
    生卵 (なまたまご)
    Nama tamago.
    A raw egg.
     (にく) (なま)のまま ()べると、 (はら) (こわ)すことがある。
    niku o nama no mama taberu to, hara o kowasu koto ga aru.
    You may have a stomachache if you eat raw meat.
  2. fresh, draft
     (なま)クリーム。
    Nama kurīmu.
    Fresh cream.
     (なま)ビール。
    Nama bīru.
    Draft beer.

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana なま, romaji nama-)

  1. live
  2. raw, uncooked, rare
  3. natural, unprocessed

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana せい, romaji -sei)

  1. a student
    受験生 (じゅけんせい)
    juken-sei
    examinee

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(saeng)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: saeng, McCune-Reischauer: saeng, Yale: sayng)
  • Name (hangeul): 나다 (revised: nada, McCune-Reischauer: nada, Yale: nata)
  1. fresh

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin shēng (sheng1), Wade-Giles sheng1)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin shēng)

  1. gentleman
  2. student
  3. actor or a male character, especially in Chinese operas
  4. Mr (see 先生)

Verb[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin shēng)

  1. to give birth
    • John 1.9
      那光是真光,照亮一切在世上的人。
      Nà guāng shì zhēn guāng, zhàoliàng yīqiè shēng zaì shìshàng de rén.
      That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.

Compounds[edit]

  • 生变 shēngbiàn - to occur unexpectedly
  • 生病 shēngbìng - ill, sick
  • 生产 shēngchǎn - production
  • 生词 shēngcí - a new word that one is not familiar with
  • 生地 shēngdì - root of the Rehmannia glutinosa (Chinese herb)
  • 生活 shēnghuó - life, existence, livelihood, lifestyle
  • 生理 shēnglǐ - physiology
  • 生灵 shēnglíng - the people, the citizenry
  • 生命 shēngmìng - life, existence
  • 生气 shēngqì - angry, upset
  • 生人 shēngrén - a stranger
  • 生日 shēngrì - birthday
  • 生疏 shēngshū - out of practice, rusty, not familiar
  • 生死 shēngsǐ - life and death, to live and die
  • 生态 shēngtài - ecology
  • 生物 shēngwù - living being, organism
  • 生意 shēngyi - business, trade
  • 生化 shēnghuà - biochemistry
  • 卫生 wèishēng - hygienic, hygiene, sanitation, health
  • 先生 xiānshēng - mister, sir, husband

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*shræng)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA sing (sing1), tshenn (tshenn1), tshinn (tshinn1), senn (senn1), sinn (sinn1))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sinh, sanh, siêng, xênh, xinh)