Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+661F, 星
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-661F

[U+661E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6620]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
星-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 日竹手一 (AHQM), four-corner 60104, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 492, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13837
  • Dae Jaweon: page 855, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1500, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+661F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

Originally (OC *sleːŋ), which is a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sleːŋ): semantic (twinkling stars) + phonetic (OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhiⁿ/chheⁿ - vernacular;
  • seng - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiŋ²¹/
Jinan /ɕiŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /siŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /siŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiŋ²¹/
Xining /ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sin³¹/
Hefei /ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕi¹¹/ ~宿
/ɕiəŋ¹¹/ 五~
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
/sei¹³/ 掃帚~
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/ 星~
/ɕi³¹/ 河~~
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /sin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /seŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /siʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /sɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /din³³/
Xiangtan /sian³³/
/sin³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɑŋ⁴²/
/ɕin⁴²/ ~子縣
Hakka Meixian /sen⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /seŋ⁵³/
Nanning /ɬɛŋ⁵⁵/
/ɬeŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /siŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰĩ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /saiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰẽ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ²³/
/sɛ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/seŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/seŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛjŋ/
Li
Rong
/seŋ/
Wang
Li
/sieŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sieŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ seng ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-tsʰˤeŋ/
English star

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11371
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sleːŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. star; planet; heavenly body
    星星  ―  xīngxing  ―  star
    /   ―  héngxīng  ―  (fixed) star
  2. star-shaped object
  3. star; celebrity
      ―  míngxīng  ―  bright star; celebrity
  4. weight marks on a steelyard
  5. a bit; a tiny bit
  6. tiny; minute
  7. whitish; white
  8. numerous and scattered everywhere; countless
  9. rapid; flying
  10. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. star

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほし
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

/posi//fosi//hoɕi/

From Old Japanese. Possible cognates include Korean (byeol, star) and Manchu ᡠᠰᡳᡥᠠ(usiha, star).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほし, romaji hoshi)

  1. star
     (かぞ) ()れないくらいたくさんの (ほし) (かがや)いている
    kazoekirenai kurai takusan no hoshi ga kagayaiteiru
    an endless number of stars are shining
  2. (tarot): the Star: the seventeenth trump or major arcana card in most traditional tarot decks

Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほし, romaji Hoshi)

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seong, McCune-Reischauer: sŏng, Yale: seng)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: byeol, McCune-Reischauer: byŏl)
  1. star, planet

compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tinh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.