bout

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See also: 'bout

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bught, probably from an unrecorded Old English variant of byht (a bend). [1] See bight, bought.

Noun[edit]

bout (plural bouts)

  1. A period of something, usually painful or unpleasant
    a bout of drought.
  2. (boxing) A boxing match.
  3. (fencing) An assault (a fencing encounter) at which the score is kept.
  4. (roller derby) A roller derby match.
  5. A fighting competition.
  6. (music) A bulge or widening in a musical instrument, such as either of the two characteristic bulges of a guitar.
  7. (dated) The going and returning of a plough, or other implement used to mark the ground and create a headland, across a field.
    • 1809, A Letter to Sir John Sinclair [] containing a Statement of the System under which a considerable Farm is profitably managed in Hertfordshire. Given at the request of the Board. By Thomas Greg, Esq., published in The Farmer's Magazine, page 395:
      The outside bout of each land is ploughed two inches deeper, and from thence the water runs into cross furrows, which are dug with a spade [] I have an instrument of great power, called a scarifier, for this purpose. It is drawn by four horses, and completely prepares the land for the seed at each bout.
    • 1922, An Ingenious One-Way Agrimotor, published in The Commercial Motor, volume 34, published by Temple Press, page 32:
      It is in this manner that the ploughs are reversed at the termination of each bout of the field.
    • 1976, Claude Culpin, Farm Machinery, page 60:
      The last two rounds must be ploughed shallower, and on the last bout the strip left should be one furrow width for a two-furrow plough, two for a three-furrow, and so on. []
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

bout (third-person singular simple present bouts, present participle bouting, simple past and past participle bouted)

  1. To contest a bout.

Etymology 2[edit]

Written form of a reduction of about.

Preposition[edit]

bout

  1. (colloquial) Aphetic form of about
    They're talking bout you!
    Maddy is bout to get beat up!

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch bout, from Old Dutch *bolt, from Proto-Germanic *bultaz. Compare German Bolzen, West Frisian bout, English bolt, Danish bolt, Icelandic bolti.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bout m (plural bouten, diminutive boutje n)

  1. bolt (threaded metal cylinder)
    • 2004, Wim Ravesteijn, Jan H. Kop, Bouwen in de Archipel. Burgerlijke openbare werken in Nederlands-Indië 1800-2000, page 104.
      Deze werd door speciale bouten verbonden.
      This was secured by special bolts.
  2. haunch, leg of an animal as food
    • '2010, Ilse D'hooge, Het complete Libelle pastaboek.
      Roer regelmatig om alle boutjes gelijkmatig te kleuren.
      Stir regularly to give all haunches an even colour.
    Synonyms: poot, schenkel
  3. (vulgar) fart
    • 2000 March 31, RAYMOND HOFSTE, “passie voor bruine bonen, "Pffffffrrrtttt" Aaaaaaaaaaa.”, in alt.humor.dutch, Usenet[1]:
      De bout was niet alleen hard maar stonk ook als een rot ei.
      The fart wasn't just loud but also stank like a rotten egg.
    Synonyms: buikwind, scheet, ruft, wind
  4. bolt (crossbow arrow)
    • 1875, Willem Jacob Hofdijk, De oude schutterij in Nederland, page 19.
      Het lichtere esschenhout diende tot pylen of bouten.
      The lighter ash wood was used for arrows or bolts.
    Synonyms: kruisboogbout, schicht
  5. (Surinam) thigh
  6. bar, rod
    Synonyms: staaf, stang
  7. (archaic) darling, sweetheart, dear
    Synonyms: lieverd, lieveling, schat, schattebout
  8. iron (apparatus for ironing clothing)
    • 1986, Jan Terlouw, Gevangenis met een open deur, page 21.
      De bout stoomde nog.
      The clothes iron was still steaming.
    Synonyms: strijkbout, strijkijzer

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French, from Old French bout (a blow), derivative of bouter (to strike), of Germanic origin. More at bouter.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bout m (plural bouts)

  1. end, extremity, tip (of a physical object)
  2. bit, piece, scrap
  3. (nautical) rope

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bout

  1. third-person singular present indicative of bouillir

Further reading[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

bout m (oblique plural bouz or boutz, nominative singular bouz or boutz, nominative plural bout)

  1. end (extremity)