From Middle English assaut, from Old French noun assaut, derived from the past participle of the verb assalir, from Late Latin assalīre, from Latin ad (“at, towards”) + salīre (“jump”). See also assail. Spelling Latinized around 1530 to add an l.
- (UK) IPA(key): /əˈsɔːlt/
- (US) IPA(key): /əˈsɔlt/
- (cot–caught merger) IPA(key): /əˈsɑlt/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: (UK) -ɔːlt, (US, cot–caught merger) -ɑlt, (regional, California) -ʌlt
- A violent onset or attack with physical means, for example blows, weapons, etc.
- The army made an assault on the enemy.
- 1814, William Wordsworth, The Excursion, Book 5:
- Unshaken bears the assault / Of their most dreaded foe, the strong southwest.
- 2008, BioWare, Mass Effect, Redwood City: Electronic Arts, →ISBN, →OCLC, PC, scene: Batarians Codex entry:
- Hostilities peaked with the Skyllian Blitz of 2176, an attack on the human capital of Elysium by batarian-funded pirates and slavers. In 2178, the Alliance retaliated with a crushing assault on the moon of Torfan, long used as a staging base by batarian-backed criminals. In the aftermath, the batarians retreated into their own systems, and are now rarely seen in Citadel space.
- A violent verbal attack, for example with insults, criticism, and the like
- she launched a written assault on the opposition party
- (criminal law) An attempt to commit battery: a violent attempt, or willful effort with force or violence, to do hurt to another, but without necessarily touching the person, such as by raising a fist in a threatening manner, or by striking at the person and missing.
- (singular only, law) The crime whose action is such an attempt.
- (tort law) An act that causes someone to apprehend imminent bodily harm (such as brandishing a weapon).
- (singular only, law) The tort whose action is such an act.
- (fencing) A non-competitive combat between two fencers.
- (transitive) To attack, physically or figuratively; to assail.
- Tom was accused of assaulting another man outside a nightclub.
- Loud music assaulted our ears as we entered the building.
- (transitive) To threaten or harass. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
- “assault”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
assault m (plural assauls)
- French: assaut