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See also:
U+9813, 頓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9813

[U+9812]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9814]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +4, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心山一月金 (PUMBC), four-corner 51786, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1401, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43381
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1918, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4360, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9813

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
頓-seal.svg 頓-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːnʔ
*rduːn, *duːn, *tun
*donʔ, *duːn, *duːnʔ
*tuːnʔ, *tjuns
*tuːns
*tuːns
*tʰuːn, *tʰuːnʔ
*tʰuːnʔ
*duːn, *tun
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn, *stʰuːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn, *duːnʔ
*duːnʔ
*tun
*tʰun
*tʰun
椿 *tʰun
*tʰunʔ, *tʰjunʔ
*tjun
*tjun, *tjuns
*tjunʔ, *djun
*tʰjun
*tʰjunʔ
*tʰjunʔ
*tʰjunʔ
*djun
*hljunʔ
*hljuns

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • tùn - literary;
  • tǹg/tùiⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tuən⁵¹/
    Harbin /tuən⁵³/
    Tianjin /tuən⁵³/
    Jinan /tuẽ²¹/
    Qingdao /tuə̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tuən³¹²/
    Xi'an /tuẽ⁴⁴/
    Xining /tuə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /tuŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /tũn¹³/
    Ürümqi /tuŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /tən³⁵/
    Chengdu /tən¹³/
    Guiyang /ten²¹³/
    Kunming /tuə̃²¹²/
    Nanjing /tun⁴⁴/
    Hefei /tən⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /tuəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /tuŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /tũŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /təŋ³⁵/
    Suzhou /tən⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /ten⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /taŋ⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /tʌ̃³²⁴/
    Tunxi /tuːə⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /tən⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /tən⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /tɨn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /tun³¹/
    Taoyuan /tun³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tøn²²/
    Nanning /tɐn²²/
    Hong Kong /tøn²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tun²¹/
    /tŋ̍²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /touŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tuŋ³⁵/
    /tɯŋ²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdun³⁵/
    /ʔdun⁵⁵/
    /ʔdui³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (55)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tuənH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tuonH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tuənH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /twənH/
    Li
    Rong
    /tuənH/
    Wang
    Li
    /tuənH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tuənH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dùn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12541
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tuːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to pause
    2. to arrange
    3. to stamp the ground
    4. Classifier for meals and occurrences of an event.
    5. (Teochew) meal
    6. suddenly

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 冒頓冒顿.

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (don, dun) (hangeul , )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đốn, đón, nhún, dún, đon, đún, lún, rón)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.