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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
春-bw.png
Stroke order
春-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

There are minor differences in where the last stroke of the top component (top-left to bottom-right diagonal) starts – on the second horizontal stroke or on the third.

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手大日 (QKA), four-corner 50603, composition𡗗)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 493, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13844
  • Dae Jaweon: page 856, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1496, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+6625

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
春-oracle.svg 春-bronze.svg 春-silk.svg 春-bigseal.svg 春-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰjun): semantic  ‎(grass) + phonetic  ‎(OC *duːn, *tun, sprout) + semantic  ‎(sun).

The character itself is probably a variant of (OC *duːn, *tun) as they are equivalent for the meaning “spring” in Old Chinese literature.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən²¹/
/t͡sʰuən²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuən²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fʰẽ²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰyn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰuən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰuen⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰun³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰəŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰz̩ʷen³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰoŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰyan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰun⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃʰun²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰøn⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐn⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰyn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰøn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰuŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sun²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰiuɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰʷin/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰjuen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰwin/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiuĕn/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭuĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯uĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chūn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhwin ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰun/
English springtime

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12573
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰjun/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. spring (season)
      ―  chūntiān  ―  spring
  2. year; age
  3. spring scenery
  4. vitality; liveliness; energy; life
  5. lust; lustfulness; passion; sexual desire
      ―  chūn  ―  puberty
  6. a type of liquor which is brewed from spring to winter

See also[edit]

Seasons in Chinese · 四季 (sìjì) (layout · text)
(“spring”) (xià, “summer”) (qiū, “fall; autumn”) (dōng, “winter”)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. spring (season)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
はる
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はる, romaji haru)

  1. spring (season)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Japanese ·  () () ‎(shiki) (layout · text)
 (はる) ‎(haru, spring)  (なつ) ‎(natsu, summer)  (あき) ‎(aki, fall; autumn)  (ふゆ) ‎(fuyu, winter)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chun) (hangeul , revised chun, McCune-Reischauer ch'un, Yale chwun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xoan, xuân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]