Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: , , , and 𩓣
U+9808, 須
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9808

[U+9807]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9809]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 181, +3, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹一月金 (HHMBC), four-corner 21286, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1399, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43352
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1916, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4358, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9808

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
variant forms
⿰⿱分巾頁
⿰⿱分立頁
⿰⿱分豆頁

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
須-oracle.svg 須-bronze.svg 須-silk.svg 須-seal.svg 須-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sraʔ
*so
*so
*so
*so

Pictogram (象形):  (hair) +  (head) – a head with hair on its side – beard; whiskers — original character of (OC *so). Originally a single picture, but abstracted in the seal script into a compound.

Etymology 1[edit]

“to wait”
Schuessler (2007), reconstructing the Old Chinese as *sno, suggests that it is probably a causative derivation from (OC *njo, “weak; soft”), literally “to make (time) pliant”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/sio/
Shao
Rongfen
/sio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/suə̆/
Li
Rong
/sio/
Wang
Li
/sĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sju ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]o/
English 斯須 a short time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13955
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*so/

Definitions[edit]

  1. must; have to; should
  2. (alt. form , 𩓣) (Classical Chinese) to wait
  3. (alt. form ) (Classical Chinese) to need
  4. (Classical Chinese) to halt; to bring to an end
    Synonyms: (zhǐ)
  5. (Classical Chinese) to use
  6. short moment
    /   ―    ―  in an instant
  7. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“beard; whisker; antenna; feeler; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. mandatory, necessary
  2. moment, short while
  3. kanji used to transliterate Buddhist terms borrowed from Sanskrit

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Used in Old Japanese as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨su⟩ and ⟨zu⟩.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune–Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tua, tu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]