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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形):  (hair) +  (head) – a head with hair on its side – whiskers. Originally a single picture (oracle, bronze), abstracted in seal script to a compound.

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +3, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹一月金 (HHMBC), four-corner 21286, composition)

  1. must, have to, necessary
  2. moment

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1399, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43352
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1916, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4358, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9808

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (須), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 相俞切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɨo/ /si̯u/ /sio/ /sio/ /suə̆/ /sĭu/ /sio/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ sju › /*C-[s.n]o/ beard
‹ sju › /*[s]o/ 斯須 a short time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13955 0 /*so/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tu, tua, dũng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.