Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
U+9808, 須
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9808

[U+9807]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9809]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +3, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹一月金 (HHMBC), four-corner 21286, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1399, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43352
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1916, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4358, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9808

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
須-oracle.svg 須-bronze.svg 須-silk.svg 須-seal.svg 須-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sraʔ
*so
*so
*so
*so

Pictogram (象形):  (hair) +  (head) – a head with hair on its side – beard; whiskers — original character of (OC *so). Originally a single picture, but abstracted in the seal script into a compound.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/sio/
Shao
Rongfen
/sio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/suə̆/
Li
Rong
/sio/
Wang
Li
/sĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sju ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]o/
English 斯須 a short time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13955
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*so/

Definitions[edit]

  1. must; have to; should

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“beard; whisker; antenna; feeler; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. mandatory

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tua, tu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.