須臾

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See also: 须臾

Chinese[edit]

necessary; must; need surname; a moment; little while
trad. (須臾)
simp. (须臾)

Pronunciation[edit]


Etymology 1[edit]

Adverb[edit]

須臾

  1. (literary) in an instant

Etymology 2[edit]

Calque of Sanskrit मुहूर्त (muhūrta).

Noun[edit]

須臾

  1. (obsolete, Buddhism, archaic) A unit of time consisting of one-thirtieth of a day (approximately 48 minutes).

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゅ
Grade: S

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Appears to be a shift in reading from suyu below, adopting the relatively newer kan'on reading of shu for the first character.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

須臾 (hiragana しゅゆ, rōmaji shuyu)

  1. a short amount of time, a moment, an instant
  2. (uncommon) a very small number, 10-15

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Probably from Middle Chinese 須臾 (MC sɨo jɨo). The goon reading, so likely the initial borrowing.

Ultimately derived as a meaning-based translation of Sanskrit मुहूर्त (muhūrta, a moment, instant, any short space of time), applied to the earlier phonetically transcribed term 牟呼栗多 (MC mɨu huo liɪt̚ tɑ).[2]

This reading appears to be less common than shuyu above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

須臾 (hiragana すゆ, rōmaji suyu)

  1. a short amount of time, a moment, an instant
  2. (uncommon) a very small number, 10-15

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan