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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
學-order.gif
Stroke order
(alternative)
學-aorder.gif

Etymology[edit]

Ancient forms: , . The former is constructed from the skeleton of / ("to teach") with the addition of two extra components: 1) a -like component around the top-left part, signifying hands (hands-on learning); 2) a ("cover") over ("child"), representing the cover of a building or school, i.e. the child learns in a roofed place. Shuowen regards as the phonetic component in the character, which is unlikely to be true according to current Old Chinese reconstructions. Variant: ( "literature, writing" + 子 "child"). See / for more.

Han character[edit]

(radical 39 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 竹月弓木 (HBND), four-corner 77407)

  1. learning, knowledge
  2. school

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 280, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7033
  • Dae Jaweon: page 549, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1019, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5B78

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping hok6, Yale hok6)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 蘭學 (らんがく, rangaku)
  • 學校 (がっこう, gakkō)
  • 學生 (がくせい, gakusei)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hak)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hak, McCune-Reischauer: hak, Yale: hak)
  • Name (hangeul): 배우다 (revised: bae-uda, McCune-Reischauer: paeuda, Yale: pay.uta)
  1. learn, take lessons, be taught, study

Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin xué (xue2), Wade-Giles hsüeh2)

Verb[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin xué)

  1. to study, to learn
  2. to imitate, to copy

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ o̍h (oh8), ha̍k (hak8))


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(học, hục)

  1. to learn
  2. to study