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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
學-order.gif
Stroke order
(alternative)
學-aorder.gif

Etymology[edit]

學-oracle.svg 學-bronze.svg 學-bigseal.svg 學-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ancient forms: , . The former is constructed from the skeleton of / ("to teach") with the addition of two extra components: 1) a -like component around the top-left part, signifying hands (hands-on learning); 2) a ("cover") over ("child"), representing the cover of a building or school, i.e. the child learns in a roofed place. Shuowen regards as the phonetic component in the character, which may be true according to some Old Chinese reconstructions such as that of Pan Wuyun's, though probably not others. Variant: ( "literature, writing" + 子 "child"). See / for more.

Han character[edit]

(radical 39 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 竹月弓木 (HBND), four-corner 77407, composition𦥯)

  1. learning, knowledge
  2. school

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 280, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7033
  • Dae Jaweon: page 549, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1019, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5B78

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (學), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 覺
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡覺切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣʌk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/ /ɦɯɔk̚/ /ɦaɨwk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xué ‹ hæwk › /*m-kˤruk/ study; imitate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14079 1 /*ɡruːɡ/ 甲文象習持爻於膝前,金文方加子

Verb[edit]

  1. to study, to learn
  2. to imitate; to copy; to mimic

Synonyms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

  1. science; -ology
Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 蘭學 ‎(らんがく, rangaku)
  • 學校 ‎(がっこう, gakkō)
  • 學生 ‎(がくせい, gakusei)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hak)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hak, McCune-Reischauer: hak, Yale: hak)
  • Name (hangeul): 배우다 (revised: bae-uda, McCune-Reischauer: paeuda, Yale: pay.uta)
  1. learn, take lessons, be taught, study

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(học, hục)

  1. to learn, to study

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese equivalent is học.
  • This is the regular form of the character. The common form is .

References[edit]