希望

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Chinese[edit]

rare; infrequent
 
hope; expect; to visit; to gaze (into the distance); look towards; towards
simp. and trad.
(希望)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Initial () (32) (4) (4)
Final () (20) (106) (106)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Closed Closed
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨi/ /mʉɐŋ/ /mʉɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɨi/ /mʷiɐŋ/ /mʷiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiəi/ /miuɑŋ/ /miuɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨj/ /muaŋ/ /muaŋH/
Li
Rong
/xiəi/ /miuaŋ/ /miuaŋH/
Wang
Li
/xĭəi/ /mĭwaŋ/ /mĭwaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xe̯i/ /miwaŋ/ /miwaŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wáng wàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wàng wàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjɨj › ‹ mjang › ‹ mjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰəj/ /*maŋ/ /*maŋ-s/
English thin, sparse look at from a distance look at from a distance

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
No. 13250 12667 12686
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hlɯl/ /*maŋ/ /*maŋs/

Noun[edit]

希望

  1. hope; wish (feeling of desire for something to happen)
    希望工程  ―  xīwàng gōngchéng  ―  Project Hope
  2. hope (a person or thing that may help someone)
    Nǐ shì wǒ wéiyī de xīwàng. [Pinyin]
    You are my only hope.

Verb[edit]

希望

  1. to look up
  2. to cater to
  3. to hope; to wish
    希望明天 / 希望明天  ―  Xīwàng nǐ míngtiān néng lái.  ―  I hope you can come tomorrow.
    Xīwàng méiyǒu ràng nín děng tài jiǔ. [Pinyin]
    I hope I didn't make you wait too long.
    希望一切  ―  Xīwàng nǐ yīqiè dōu hǎo.  ―  Wish you all the best.

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (希望):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
ぼう
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

希望 (hiragana きぼう, rōmaji kibō, historical hiragana きばう)

  1. hope (expectations)
     () (ぼう) (うしな)kibō o ushinauto lose hope
     () (ぼう) (あた)えるkibō o ataeruto give someone hope
  2. wish; hope; desire
    Synonyms:  (ねが) (negai),  (のぞ) (nozomi)
     () (ぼう) (かな)kibō ga kanaua wish comes true

Verb[edit]

希望する (transitive, hiragana きぼうする, rōmaji kibō suru, historical hiragana きばうする)

  1. to wish for; to hope for
     (さん) () () (ぼう)します
    Sanka o kibō shimasu.
    I hope for your participation.

Derived terms[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

希望 (huimang) (hangeul 희망)

  1. Hanja form? of 희망, “hope”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

希望

  1. Hán tự form of hi vọng, “hope