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U+5DEB, 巫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DEB

[U+5DEA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DEC]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 48 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一人人 (MOO), four-corner 10108, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 325, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8728
  • Dae Jaweon: page 629, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 412, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5DEB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
巫-bronze.svg 巫-bigseal.svg 巫-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ma
*ma
*ma
*ma

Etymology[edit]

This word initially referred to spirit medium/shaman of either sex, but eventually female when contrasted with (OC *ɡeːɡ, “male shaman”). Various hypotheses exist regarding its etymology:

  1. Cognate with Tibetan འབའ་པོ('ba' po, magician, sorcerer), འབའ་མོ('ba' mo, sorcereress).
  2. Cognate with (OC *ma, “to deceive”).
  3. Cognate with (OC *maʔ, “to dance”).
  4. Cognate with (OC *mɯʔ, “female”).
  5. Victor Mair proposes that this is a loanword from Old Persian 𐎶𐎦𐎢𐏁(maguš), a word represented by the (cross potent) which is graphically similar to the Chinese bronze inscription form (Mair, 1990; Mair, 2012).

Thai หมอ(mɔ̌ɔ, doctor) < Proto-Tai *ʰmo:ᴬ(shaman) is generally assumed to be a Sino-Tibetan loan. More at Wu (shaman), Magi#In Chinese sources, magus.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/mio/
Shao
Rongfen
/mio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muə̆/
Li
Rong
/mio/
Wang
Li
/mĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mju ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.m(r)[o]/
English magician

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13062
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ma/

Definitions[edit]

  1. shaman; witch; sorcerer; wizard
  2. witch doctor
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. shaman
  2. witch, sorcerer

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This is the only kanji added to the jinmeiyō kanji list on 7 January 2015 by the Japanese government; previously classified as hyōgaiji.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune-Reischauer mu)

  1. Shaman, Relating to Shamanism

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.