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U+5DEB, 巫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DEB

[U+5DEA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DEC]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 48, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一人人 (MOO), four-corner 10108, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 325, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8728
  • Dae Jaweon: page 629, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 412, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5DEB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
巫-oracle.svg 巫-bronze.svg 巫-silk.svg 巫-slip.svg 巫-ancient.svg 巫-seal.svg 巫-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ma
*ma
*ma
*ma

Pictogram (象形) – originally two pieces of jade crossed over each other as used in ancient shamanistic practices.

Etymology[edit]

“shaman; witch”
This word initially referred to spirit medium/shaman of either sex, but eventually female when contrasted with (OC *ɡeːɡ, “male shaman”). Various hypotheses exist regarding its etymology (Schuessler, 2007):
  1. Cognate with Tibetan འབའ་པོ ('ba' po, magician, sorcerer), འབའ་མོ ('ba' mo, sorceress).
  2. Cognate with (OC *ma, “to deceive”).
  3. Cognate with (OC *maʔ, “to dance”).
  4. Cognate with (OC *mɯʔ, “female”).
  5. Victor Mair proposes that this is a loanword from Old Persian 𐎶𐎦𐎢𐏁 (maguš), a word represented by the cross potent () which is graphically similar to the Chinese bronze inscription form (Mair, 1990; Mair, 2012).
Thai หมอ (mɔ̌ɔ, doctor) < Proto-Tai *ʰmo:ᴬ (shaman) is generally assumed to be a Sino-Tibetan loan (Pittayaporn, 2014). More at Wu (shaman), Magi#In Chinese sources, magus.
“Malay”
Clipping of of 巫來由巫来由 (wūláiyóu), a transcription of Malay Melayu.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/mio/
Shao
Rongfen
/mio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muə̆/
Li
Rong
/mio/
Wang
Li
/mĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mju ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.m(r)[o]/
English magician

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13062
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ma/

Definitions[edit]

  1. shaman; witch; sorcerer; wizard
  2. witch doctor
  3. (chiefly Malaysia, Singapore) Malay; Melayu; relating to ethnic Malays
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. shaman
  2. witch, sorcerer

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This is the only kanji added to the jinmeiyō kanji list on 7 January 2015 by the Japanese government; previously classified as hyōgaiji.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune–Reischauer mu)

  1. A shaman.
  2. Something related to shamanism.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.