巫 (radical 48 工+4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一人人 (MOO), four-corner 10108, composition ⿻工从)
- KangXi: page 325, character 19
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8728
- Dae Jaweon: page 629, character 7
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 412, character 8
- Unihan data for U+5DEB
This word initially referred to spirit medium/shaman of either sex, but eventually female when contrasted with 覡 (OC *ɡeːɡ, “male shaman”). Various hypotheses exist regarding its etymology:
- Cognate with Tibetan འབའ་པོ ('ba' po, “magician, sorcerer”), འབའ་མོ ('ba' mo, “sorcereress”).
- Cognate with 誣 (OC *ma, “to deceive”).
- Cognate with 舞 (OC *maʔ, “to dance”).
- Cognate with 母 (OC *mɯʔ, “female”).
- Victor Mair proposes that this is a loanword from Old Persian 𐎶𐎦𐎢𐏁 (maguš), a word represented by the ☩ (cross potent) which is graphically similar to the Chinese bronze inscription form (Mair, 1990; Mair, 2012).
Thai หมอ (mɔ̌ɔ, “doctor”) < Proto-Tai *ʰmo:ᴬ (“shaman”) is generally assumed to be a Sino-Tibetan loan. More at Wu (shaman), Magi#In Chinese sources, magus.
- shaman; witch; sorcerer; wizard
- witch doctor
- A surname.
(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)
- witch, sorcerer
This is the only kanji added to the jinmeiyō kanji list on 7 January 2015 by the Japanese government; previously classified as hyōgaiji.
巫 • (mu) (hangeul 무, revised mu, McCune-Reischauer mu)
- Shaman, Relating to Shamanism
- This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text