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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 48 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一人人 (MOO), four-corner 10108, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 325, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8728
  • Dae Jaweon: page 629, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 412, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5DEB

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

This word initially referred to spirit medium/shaman of either sex, but eventually female when contrasted with (male shaman). Various hypotheses exist regarding its etymology:

  1. Cognate with Tibetan འབའ་པོ ('ba' po, magician, sorcerer), འབའ་མོ ('ba' mo, sorcereress).
  2. Cognate with (to deceive).
  3. Cognate with (to dance).
  4. Cognate with (female).
  5. Victor Mair proposed a relationship with Old Persian 𐎶𐎦𐎢𐏁 (Maguš), written with a graphically similar sign (cross potent).

Thai หมอ (mǎw, doctor) < Proto-Tai *ʰmo:ᴬ (shaman) is generally assumed to be a Sino-Tibetan loan. More at Wu (shaman), Magi#In Chinese sources, magus.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (巫), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 武夫切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨo/ /mi̯u/ /mio/ /mio/ /muə̆/ /mĭu/ /mio/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mju › /*C.m(r)[o]/ magician

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13062 0 /*ma/

Definitions[edit]

  1. shaman, witch, sorcerer, wizard
  2. witch doctor
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. shaman
  2. witch, sorcerer

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune-Reischauer mu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vu)

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