巫女

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Chinese[edit]

witch female; woman; daughter
simp. and trad.
(巫女)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

巫女

  1. a Japanese female shaman

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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巫女 (miko): a pair of miko or shrine maidens at Meiji Jingu.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Grade: 1
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of ‎(mi, spirit, god) +‎ ‎(ko, child), as suggested by the alternative spelling 神子.

Formerly spelled as on its own.[1] The modern kanji spelling 巫女 appears to be ateji, as an example of 熟字訓 ‎(jukujikun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

巫女 ‎(hiragana みこ, romaji miko)

  1. An unmarried woman who serves at a Shintō shrine, helping to receive visitors and performing 神楽 ‎(kagura) dances at ceremonies, among other responsibilities.
  2. An unmarried woman who serves a deity as a medium to convey oracles.
Usage notes[edit]

Using the alternate spelling 神子, a miko could be of either gender, but unmarried young women are by far the most common.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
じょ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 巫女 ‎(mju? nrjoX, literally shaman + woman). Compare modern Mandarin reading wūnǚ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

巫女 ‎(hiragana ふじょ, romaji fujo, historical hiragana ふぢよ)

  1. An unmarried woman who serves a deity as a medium to convey oracles.
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9