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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
女-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): a woman with breasts kneeling or standing. In modern form turned on left side: enclosed area is remnant of left breast (character's left, depicted woman's right), while right breast has disappeared. Graphically cognate to (mother), which has developed similarly, but also includes dots for nipples and has retained both breasts.

女 女 女 女
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Wikipedia

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 女 (V), four-corner 40400)

  1. (human) female
  2. (astronomy) the Girl, a Chinese constellation near Aquarius
  3. Kangxi radical 38

Usage notes[edit]

Generally used only for humans. Female animals are typically described as instead.

Antonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 254, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6036
  • Dae Jaweon: page 516, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1023, character 23
  • Unihan data for U+5973

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping jyu5, neoi5, neoi6, Yale neui5)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ ńg, nyi2, Guangdong ngi3, ng3, ngiu3 [Meixian], Hagfa Pinyim ng3)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese. /womi1na//womina//omina/. The initial /wo/ expressed "small, youth" and contrasted with /o/ "grown, old" (as in (omina) "old woman"). The medial /mi/ is cognate with (me, female, woman).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おみな, historical hiragana をみな, romaji omina)

  1. (archaic) a young woman
  2. (archaic) a woman

Etymology 2[edit]

From earlier /womina/: /womina//woɴna//oɴna/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おんな, historical hiragana をんな, romaji onna)

  1. a woman
Usage notes[edit]

This has superseded omina, and is now one of the standard Japanese words for woman.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese. /me1//me/

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji me)

  1. female
  2. woman
  3. wife
Usage notes[edit]

Used more in compounds than on its own.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(nyeo(yeo))
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): [[()]] (revised: nyeo(yeo), McCune-Reischauer: nyŏ(yŏ), Yale: nye(nye))
  • Name (hangeul): 계집 (revised: gyejip, McCune-Reischauer: kyejip, Yale: kyeycip)
  1. (계집 녀, gyejip-): (vulgar) female, woman, wife.

Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (nü3), (Nü3), (ru3), Wade-Giles 3, Nü3)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. woman
    女人 woman, 女的 woman
    请问卫生间在哪儿?
    qǐngwèn wèishēng jiān zài nǎr?
    Where is the ladies' lavatory please?
  2. female (for people)
    这位演员以演技感动观众。
    zhèwèi yǎnyuán yǐ yǎn jì gǎndòng guānzhòng.
    The actress moved the audience with her performance.
  3. daughter
    女儿
  4. Kangxi radical 38

Synonyms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. (archaic) thou ( variant of )

Proper noun[edit]

  1. (astronomy) the Girl, a Chinese constellation near Aquarius, one of the 28 lunar mansions and part of the Black Turtle

Hypernyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-20.
  • "Jukuu" (in Mandarin/English), Jukuu. URL accessed on 2014-03-20.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(* niǔ, * njiǔ)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ lú (lu2), lí (li2))


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nữa, lỡ, nhỡ, nớ, nợ, nỡ, nữ, nự)

References[edit]