Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and 𡚦

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
女-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 女 (V), four-corner 40400)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 254, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6036
  • Dae Jaweon: page 516, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1023, character 23
  • Unihan data for U+5973

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
女-oracle.svg 女-bronze.svg 女-silk.svg 女-bigseal.svg 女-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形): a woman with breasts kneeling or standing. In modern form turned on left side: enclosed area is remnant of left breast (character's left, depicted woman's right), while right breast has disappeared. Graphically cognate to (, “mother”), which has developed similarly, but also includes dots for nipples and has retained both breasts.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠨰

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ny²¹⁴/
Harbin /ny²¹³/
Tianjin /nuei¹³/
/ny¹³/
Jinan /ȵy⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ny⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ny⁵³/
Xi'an /ny⁵³/
Xining /mji⁵³/
Yinchuan /ny⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵy⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ȵy⁵¹/
Wuhan /y⁴²/
Chengdu /ȵy⁵³/
Guiyang /ni⁴²/
Kunming /ni⁵³/
Nanjing /ly²¹²/
Hefei /zz̩ʷ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ny⁵³/
Pingyao /nzz̩ʷ⁵³/ ~子
/ȵy⁵³/ ~貓
Hohhot /ny⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵy²³/
Suzhou /ȵy³¹/
Hangzhou /nz̩ʷ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ȵy³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ny³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵy²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵy⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ȵy⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵy²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /n̩³¹/
Taoyuan /ŋ̍³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /nøy²³/
Nanning /ny²⁴/
Hong Kong /nøy¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lu⁵³/
/li⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ny³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ny²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nɯŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /nu²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (12)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/niɔX/
Wang
Li
/nĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nv
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nrjoX ›
Old
Chinese
/*nraʔ/
English female

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 9616
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naʔ/
Definitions[edit]

  1. woman
    Antonyms: (nán)
      ―  rén  ―  woman
      ―  de  ―  woman; female
    請問衛生間哪兒 [MSC, trad.]
    请问卫生间哪儿 [MSC, simp.]
    Qǐngwèn wèishēngjiān zài nǎr? [Pinyin]
    Where is the ladies' lavatory please?
  2. (for people) female
    ,
    演員 / 演员  ―  yī ge yǎnyuán  ―  an actress
    士兵 / 士兵  ―  yī ge shìbīng  ―  a female soldier
  3. daughter
    /   ―  ér  ―  daughter
  4. Kangxi radical 38 (woman).
  5. (astronomy) The Girl, a Chinese constellation near Aquarius, 10th of the Twenty-Eight Mansions and part of the Black Turtle.

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (12)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳɨʌH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳiɔH/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɔH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳɨə̆H/
Li
Rong
/niɔH/
Wang
Li
/nĭoH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni̯woH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nv
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nrjoH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nraʔ-s/
English give as a wife

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 9618
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nas/
Definitions[edit]

  1. to give one's daughter in marriage; to give as wife

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おみな
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. /womi1na//womina//omina/. The initial /wo/ expressed "small, youth" and contrasted with /o/ "grown, old" (as in ‎(omina) "old woman"). The medial /mi/ is cognate with ‎(me, female, woman).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おみな, romaji omina, historical hiragana をみな)

  1. (archaic) a young woman
  2. (archaic) a woman

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おんな
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From earlier /womina/: /womina//woɴna//oɴna/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おんな, romaji onna, historical hiragana をんな)

  1. a woman
Usage notes[edit]

This has superseded omina, and is now one of the standard Japanese words for woman.

Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. /me1//me/

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji me)

  1. female
  2. woman
  3. wife
Usage notes[edit]

Used more in compounds than on its own.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(nyeo>yeo)
Eumhun:

  • Name (hangeul): 계집 (revised: gyejip, McCune-Reischauer: kyejip, Yale: kyeycip)
  1. female, woman

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nữ, nữa, lỡ, nhỡ, nớ, nợ, nỡ, nự, như, nhương)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]