filial

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English filial, from Latin fīliālis, from filius (son) / filia (daughter).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈfɪl.i.əl/, /ˈfɪl.jəl/
    • Hyphenation: fil‧i‧al
  • (US, also) IPA(key): /ˈfi.li.əl/
    • Hyphenation: fi‧li‧al
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪliəl, -ɪljəl, -iːliəl

Adjective[edit]

filial (comparative more filial, superlative most filial)

  1. (not comparable) Pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter.
    Antonym: unfilial
    Hyponyms: daughterly, sonly
    Coordinate terms: motherly, maternal, parental, fatherly, paternal
    • 1794, Charlotte Smith, “Chapter 20”, in The Banished Man, volume 2:
      The filial duty Ellesmere had paid to a father, who had no other claim to it than that he was his father, was now consoling to him [D'Alonville]; []
  2. (comparable) Respectful of the duties and attitudes of sons or daughters toward their parents.
    • 1885, The actions and Attitude of Filiality, (Please provide the book title or journal name), translation of original by ConfuciusJames Legge:
      If the admonition [to the parent] does not take effect, the son will be more reverential and more filial; []
  3. (genetics) Of a generation or generations descending from a specific previous one.
    Coordinate term: parental
    • 1916, William E. Castle, Gregor Mendel, Genetics & Eugenics[1], page 101:
      This, following Bateson, we may call the parental generation or P generation. Subsequent generations are called filial generations (abbreviated F) and their numerical order is indicated by a subscript, as first filial (F1), second filial (F2), etc.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic филиал
Abjad فیلیال

Etymology[edit]

From German Filiale, from Latin fīliālis (of or pertaining to a son or daughter).

Noun[edit]

filial (definite accusative filialı, plural filiallar)

  1. filial, branch.

Further reading[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin fīliālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

filial m or f (masculine and feminine plural filials)

  1. filial

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Filiale, from Latin fīliālis (of or pertaining to a son or daughter).

Noun[edit]

filial

  1. filial, branch.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[2], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

filial c (singular definite filialen, plural indefinite filialer)

  1. (business) branch.

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīliālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

filial (feminine filiale, masculine plural filiaux, feminine plural filiales)

  1. filial (characteristic of or befitting the relationship between a son or daughter and their parents)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Noun[edit]

filial (first-person possessive filialku, second-person possessive filialmu, third-person possessive filialnya)

  1. filial branch

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin fīliālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /fi.liˈaw/ [fi.lɪˈaʊ̯], (faster pronunciation) /fiˈljaw/ [fiˈljaʊ̯]
 

  • Rhymes: (Portugal) -al, (Brazil) -aw
  • Hyphenation: fi‧li‧al

Adjective[edit]

filial m or f (plural filiais)

  1. filial (pertaining to a son or daughter)

Noun[edit]

filial f (plural filiais)

  1. branch office
    Synonym: sucursal

Related terms[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French filial.

Adjective[edit]

filial m or n (feminine singular filială, masculine plural filiali, feminine and neuter plural filiale)

  1. filial

Declension[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīliālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fiˈljal/ [fiˈljal]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Syllabification: fi‧lial

Adjective[edit]

filial m or f (masculine and feminine plural filiales)

  1. filial

Noun[edit]

filial f (plural filiales)

  1. subsidiary, branch

Noun[edit]

filial m (plural filiales)

  1. (sports) reserve team, B team
    Synonym: equipo filial

Further reading[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Noun[edit]

filial c

  1. branch (office of an organization with several locations)

Declension[edit]

Declension of filial 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative filial filialen filialer filialerna
Genitive filials filialens filialers filialernas

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

filial (nominative plural filials)

  1. subsidiary, branch

Declension[edit]