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U+654F, 敏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-654F

[U+654E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6550]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 66, +7 in Chinese, 攴+6 in Japanese, 11 strokes in Chinese, 10 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 人卜人大 (OYOK), four-corner 88540, composition)

  1. fast, quick, clever, smart
  2. A given name

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 471, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13202
  • Dae Jaweon: page 823, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1463, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+654F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mɯːs, *mɯː, *mɯːs
*mlɯːʔ, *mɯːʔ
*hmlɯːʔ
*ʔmɯː, *ʔmɯːʔ
*mɯ
*mɯʔ
*mɯʔ
*mɯʔ
*mɯʔ, *mɯs, *maːʔ
*mɯʔ
*mɯʔ
*mɯs, *mɯːʔ, *mɯːs
*mɯs, *mɯː, *mɯːs
*mrɯʔ, *mrɯŋʔ
*mrɯŋʔ
*mrɯŋʔ
*ma
*mɯː
*mɯː
*mɯː
*mɯːʔ
*mɯːs
*mɯːs, *hmɯːs
*hmɯːs
*hmɯːs
*hmɯːʔ, *hmɯːs
*mrɯl

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • miang2 - Shantou;
  • miêng2 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /min²¹⁴/
    Harbin /min²¹³/
    Tianjin /min¹³/
    Jinan /miẽ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /miə̃⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /min⁵³/
    Xi'an /miẽ⁵³/
    Xining /miə̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /miŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /mĩn⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /miŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /min⁴²/
    Chengdu /min⁵³/
    Guiyang /min⁴²/
    Kunming /mĩ⁵³/
    Nanjing /min²¹²/
    Hefei /min²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /miəŋ⁵³/
    Pingyao /miŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /mĩŋ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /miŋ²³/
    Suzhou /min⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /min⁵³/
    Wenzhou /meŋ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /miʌ̃³⁵/
    Tunxi /min³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /min⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /min⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /min²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /men³¹/
    Taoyuan /mien²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐn²³/
    Nanning /mɐn²⁴/
    Hong Kong /mɐn¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bin⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /miŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /meiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /miaŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /min²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (44)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mˠiɪnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mᵚinX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mienX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mjinX/
    Li
    Rong
    /mjĕnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /mǐĕnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯ĕnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    mǐn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    mǐn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ minX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mrə[n]ʔ/ (~ *mrəʔ)
    English diligent, active

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 9296 9297
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mrɯʔ/ /*mrɯŋʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. quick
    2. clever

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. alert
    2. agile
    3. quick

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    びん
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (minX).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Adjectival noun[edit]

    (-na inflection, hiragana びん, rōmaji bin)

    1. quick, sharp

    Inflection[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana びん, rōmaji bin)

    1. quickness, sharpness

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana さとし, rōmaji Satoshi)

    1. A male given name

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (min) (hangeul , revised min, McCune–Reischauer min, Yale min)

    1. nimble and agile
    2. quick-witted
    3. humble and well-mannered
    4. thorough
    5. hardworking

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (mẫn, mắn, mẩn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]