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See also:
U+7E41, 繁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7E41

[U+7E40]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7E42]

U+FA59, 繁
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA59

[U+FA58]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA5A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 120, +11 in Chinese, 糸+10 in Japanese, 17 strokes in Chinese, 18 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 人大女戈火 (OKVIF), four-corner 88903, composition )

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 937, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27803
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1376, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3444, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7E41

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp. ⿰纟凡
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *baːl, *baːn, *ban): phonetic (OC *mrɯʔ, *mrɯŋʔ) + semantic (silk)

Etymology[edit]

The same word as (OC *ban, “luxuriant; numerous”). See there for more.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • huang5 - Shantou;
  • huêng5 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (3)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter bjon
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bʉɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/bʷiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buan/
Li
Rong
/biuɐn/
Wang
Li
/bĭwɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯wɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
faan4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fán
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjon ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ar/
English abundant, numerous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 2951
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ban/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. numerous; many
      ―  fánxīng  ―  numerous stars
  2. complicated
    體字体字  ―  fántǐzì  ―  traditional Chinese characters
  3. luxuriant; lush
      ―  fánshèng  ―  thriving
Antonyms[edit]
  • (complicated): (jiǎn)

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (はん) (han)
  • Korean: 번(繁) (beon)
  • Vietnamese: phồn ()

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (3)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter ba
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/buɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/buɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwa/
Li
Rong
/buɑ/
Wang
Li
/buɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
po4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 2945
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*baːl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, white)
  2. a surname
  3. Only used in 繁塔 and 繁台

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (3)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter ban
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/bʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/buɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwan/
Li
Rong
/buɑn/
Wang
Li
/buɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
pun4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 2946
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*baːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (pán)

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (mǐn)
  2. Used in 繁鳥繁鸟.

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1][2][3][4]


&#xFA59;
or
+&#xFE00;?
繁󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
繁󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
はん
Grade: S
kan’on
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC bjon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(はん) (hanはん (fan)?

  1. flourishing, luxuriant, heavy or dense (of foliage)
  2. rich, prosperous
  3. rhythm, regularity
  4. complication, difficulty
  5. cumbersome, troublesome
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(はん) (hanはん (fan)?

  1. a flourish, luxuriance

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しげ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

⟨sige2 → */siᵑɡəɨ//ɕiɡe/

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(しげ) (shigeしげ (sige)?

  1. (archaic, obsolete) a copse, thicket
  2. (archaic, obsolete) a repeat, frequency
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
しげ(る)
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

Nominalization of verb 茂る (shigeru, to grow thick, be luxuriant).

Proper noun[edit]

(しげる) (Shigeru

  1. a male given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015–2024
  2. ^ 白川静 (Shirakawa Shizuka) (2014), “”, in 字通 (Jitsū)[2] (in Japanese), popular edition, Tōkyō: Heibonsha, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1914, 漢和大辭書 (Kanwa Dai Jisho, “The Great Kanji-Japanese Dictionary”) (in Japanese), page 1682 (paper), page 893 (digital), Tōkyō: 興文社 (Kōbunsha)
  4. ^ 1927, 新漢和辭典 (Shin Kanwa Jiten, “The New Kanji-Japanese Dictionary”) (in Japanese), page 954 (paper), page 490 (digital), Ōsaka: 松雲堂 (Shōundō)

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC bjon|ban|ba).

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 번성할 (beonseonghal beon))

  1. Hanja form? of (complicated, complex, difficult).
  2. Hanja form? of (thicket, foliage).
  3. Hanja form? of (luxurious, lush, flourishing).

(eumhun 뱃대끈 (baetdaekkeun ban))

  1. Hanja form? of (cinch, saddle girth, sash).

(eumhun (huil pa))

  1. Hanja form? of (white).

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “From Proto-Japonic *senkay?”

Noun[edit]

(sige2) (kana しげ)

  1. a copse, thicket
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Japanese: (shige)

Etymology 2[edit]

This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “From Proto-Japonic *sensi?”

Noun[edit]

(sizi) (kana しじ)

  1. flourish, luxuriance, overgrowth
  2. large in quantity, tight pack
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: phồn, phiền

  1. many; numerous