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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 172 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 大戈人土 (KIOG), four-corner 40014)

  1. Noun: male.chieftain.head.chief, Metaphor of strength.victory
  2. Adjective: manly,full power and grandeur
  3. Verb: bully

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1365, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41972
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1869, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4093, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+96C4

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping hung4, Yale hung4)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆう
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (hjuwng, male).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ゆう, romaji )

  1. male
  2. something or someone excellent (male)
    一世 (いっせい) (ゆう)
    issei no
    one of the greatest men of his generation
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

/wo//o/

From Old Japanese. Persists in compounds, such as the first element o- in the modern Japanese term (otoko, man).[2][1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji o, historical hiragana )

  1. (obsolete in isolation) man, male
    • 711-712, Kojiki (上巻 [Kamitsumaki])
       ()こそは ()にいませば
      na koso wa o ni imaseba
      As you yourself be male / a man...
  2. (obsolete) husband
    • 711-712, Kojiki (上巻 [Kamitsumaki])
       ()はもよ ()にしあれば () () () () () () (つま) ()
      wa wa moyo me ni shiareba na o kite o wa nashi na o kite tsuma wa nashi
      As I am a woman, without you, there are no husbands. Without you, there are no wives...
  3. something large, powerful, or otherwise masculine
     () (たけ)び/ () (だき) (ますら) ()
    otakebi/odaki/masurao
    a war cry / the larger of two waterfalls / manliness
  4. yang (as opposed to yin)
     () () () ()
    meo, meo
    yin-yang (two different kanji spellings, same reading and derivation)
Usage notes[edit]

Not used in isolation in modern Japanese.

Derived terms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
おす
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/wosu//osu/

Compound of (o, male) +‎ (su), but the derivation of the su element is unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おす, katakana オス, romaji osu, historical hiragana をす)

  1. male
Usage notes[edit]

This is the most common reading of this term in modern Japanese when used as a standalone noun.

Only used to refer to non-human male organisms. As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as オス.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
おん
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/won//on/

Compound of (o, male) +‎ (n). The latter -n element might be a contraction of the possessive particle (no).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おん, romaji on, historical hiragana をん)

  1. male
Usage notes[edit]

Not used in isolation in modern Japanese.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ung) (hangeul , revised ung, McCune-Reischauer ung, Yale wung)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin xióng (xiong2), Wade-Giles hsiung2)

  1. (formal) male (describing an animal)

Usage notes[edit]

Commonly used for animals for the meaning of male in academic context, less commonly used for non-academic context (use "公" instead, for non-academic context), and not used for human (use "男" instead, for human). For example: 雄雞/雄鸡:cock 雄牛:bull

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hùng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.