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U+96C4, 雄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96C4

[U+96C3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96C5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 172, +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 大戈人土 (KIOG), four-corner 40014, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1365, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41972
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1869, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4093, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+96C4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms
second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷɯŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷɯŋ): phonetic  (OC *kʷɯːŋ) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hiông - literary;
  • hêng/hîn - vernacular.
Note:
  • hiong5 - literary;
  • hêng5 - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕyŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /ɕyŋ²⁴/
    /ɕyŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕyŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ɕyŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /ɕiŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ɕyuŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /ɕyŋ²⁴/
    Xining /ɕyə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕyŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ɕỹn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ɕyŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /ɕioŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /ɕyoŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕioŋ²¹/
    Kunming /ɕiŋ³¹/
    Nanjing /ɕioŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /ɕiŋ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /ɕyŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕỹŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦioŋ²³/
    Suzhou /ɦioŋ¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦioŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /ɕyʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /ɕin⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕioŋ¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɕin¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiuŋ⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /hiuŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /hioŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hoŋ²¹/
    Nanning /huŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /huŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔŋ³⁵/
    /hiŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hyŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xœyŋ²¹/
    /xœyŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hioŋ⁵⁵/
    /heŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hiɔŋ³¹/
    /hiaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (2)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨuŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦiuŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣiuŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣiuŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭuŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯uŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yóng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xióng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjuwng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷəŋ/
    English male

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4140
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷɯŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (usually of animals) male
    2. masculine; powerful; grand
    3. powerful or influential person or state

    Usage notes[edit]

    • Commonly used for animals to mean “male” in academic contexts, less commonly used in non-academic contexts (use instead), and not used for humans (use instead). For example:
      /   ―  xióng  ―  cock
        ―  xióngniú  ―  bull

    Antonyms[edit]

    • (, “female”)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ゆう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (hjuwng, male).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ゆう, rōmaji )

    1. male
    2. something or someone excellent (male)
       (いっ) (せい) (ゆう)
      issei no
      one of the greatest men of his generation
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /wo//o/

    From Old Japanese. Persists in compounds, such as the first element o- in the modern Japanese term (otoko, man).[2][1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji o, historical hiragana )

    1. (obsolete in isolation) man, male
      • 711-712, Kojiki (上巻 [Kamitsumaki])
         ()こそは ()にいませば
        na koso wa o ni imaseba
        As you yourself be male / a man...
    2. (obsolete) husband
      • 711-712, Kojiki (上巻 [Kamitsumaki])
         ()はもよ ()にしあれば () () () () () () (つま) ()
        wa wa moyo me ni shiareba na o kite o wa nashi na o kite tsuma wa nashi
        As I am a woman, without you, there are no husbands. Without you, there are no wives...
    3. something large, powerful, or otherwise masculine
       () (たけ)び/ () (だき) (ますら) ()
      otakebi/odaki/masurao
      a war cry / the larger of two waterfalls / manliness
    4. yang (as opposed to yin)
       () () () ()
      meo, meo
      yin-yang (two different kanji spellings, same reading and derivation)
    Usage notes[edit]
    • Not used in isolation in modern Japanese.
    Derived terms[edit]
    Antonyms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    おす
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /wosu//osu/

    Compound of (o, male) +‎ (su), but the derivation of the su element is unknown.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana おす, katakana オス, rōmaji osu, historical hiragana をす)

    1. male
    Usage notes[edit]
    • This is the most common reading of this term in modern Japanese when used as a standalone noun.
    • Only used to refer to non-human male organisms.
    • As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as オス.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Antonyms[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    おん
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /won//on/

    Compound of (o, male) +‎ (n). The latter -n element might be a contraction of the possessive particle (no).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana おん, rōmaji on, historical hiragana をん)

    1. male
    Usage notes[edit]
    • Not used in isolation in modern Japanese.
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ung) (hangeul , revised ung, McCune–Reischauer ung, Yale wung)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (hùng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.