陰陽

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Chinese[edit]

 
(of weather) overcast; Yin; feminine; moon; cloudy; negative (electric.); shady
positive (electric.); sun
trad. (陰陽)
simp. (阴阳)

Etymology[edit]

Root meaning: moonlight (dark) and sunlight (light). Yin later came to be associated with female, dark, soft, passive etc. Yang later came to be associated with male, light, hard, active etc.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (陰陽, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final: (140)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yīn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɣiɪm/ /ʔɯim/ /ʔiem/ /ʔjim/ /ʔjəm/ /ĭĕm/ /ʔi̯əm/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (36)
Final: (105)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yáng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jɨɐŋ/ /jiɐŋ/ /iɑŋ/ /jɨaŋ/ /iaŋ/ /jĭaŋ/ /i̯aŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (陰陽, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yīn ‹ ʔim › /*q(r)um/ dark
yáng ‹ yang › /*laŋ/ bright

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6623 1 /*qrɯm/
14590 0 /*laŋ/
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Noun[edit]

陰陽

  1. dark and light; yin and yang; yin-yang;
    陰陽 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    阴阳 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: I Ching, 3rd – 2nd millennia BCE
    Yīnyáng bù cè zhī wèi shén. [Pinyin]
    That which can not be measured (in straightforward terms such as) (bad and good; negative and positive etc.) is called mysterious (or divine).

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (陰陽):

Others


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 3

Noun[edit]

陰陽 ‎(hiragana いんよう, romaji in'yō, alternative reading おんよう, romaji on'yō, alternative reading おんみょう, romaji onmyō)

  1. yin-yang, (Yin and Yang)

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

陰陽 ‎(eumyang) ‎(hangeul 음양)

  1. Hanja form? of 음양, “yin-yang”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

陰陽

  1. Hán tự form of âm dương, "yin-yang"