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U+9670, 陰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9670

[U+966F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9671]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 170, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中人戈戈 (NLOII), four-corner 78231, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1353, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41691
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1855, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4138, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9670

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𠆭

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ
*l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
*qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*qɯːm, *qaːb
*qɯːm, *qrɯːms
*krɯːm
*qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
*qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*ɡram
*ɡram
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*nɯːms
*sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
*sɢrɯm
*sɡrɯm
*sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
*sɡrɯm
*ɡjɯms
*krɯm
*krɯm
*krɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯmʔ
*kʰrɯms
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm
*qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
*qrɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
*qrɯms
*qrɯms
*ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • im - literary;
  • iam - vernacular (limited, e.g. 半陰陽).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (140)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠiɪm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚim/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiem/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔjim/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔjəm/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭĕm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯əm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yīn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yīn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔim ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*q(r)um/
    English dark

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6623
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qrɯm/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. cloudy; overcast
    2. dark
    3. hidden; secret
    4. negative
    5. the Moon
    6. shade; shadow
    7. (philosophy) "female" principle; yin in yin-yang
    8. genitalia (of humans)
      [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: The Records of the Grand Historian, by Sima Qian, circa 91 BCE
      yīnrén Lào Āi [Pinyin]
      Lao Ai of the large penis

    Antonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. hidden
    2. dark
    3. negative

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かげ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かげ, rōmaji kage)

    1. shadow, shade
      木の
      a shadow of a tree
    2. hidden side
      で動き回る
      maneuver in a hidden side
      陰の支配者
      a hidden ruler
    See also[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いん
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (ʔˠiɪm).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いん, rōmaji in)

    1. yin

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ほと
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /hoto2/: *[potə] → [ɸoto] → [hoto]. As indicated in the Wamyōshō citation, /to2/ may be related to (/to1/, place, location), but the phonological difference can not be explained. Perhaps related to Korean 보지 (poji, vagina).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ほと, rōmaji hoto)

    1. female genitalia
      • 712, Kojiki
        因生此子、美蕃登此三字以音。見灸而病臥在。
      • 712, Kojiki
        逆剥天斑馬剥而、所墮入時、天服織女見驚而、於梭衝陰上而死。訓陰上云富登
    2. (by extension) male genitalia
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 2, page 44-45:
        陰 釋名云、陰、今案玉茎玉門等通稱也 [...] 原書無其字按神代紀、「陰訓保止、保是含包之言、即所謂在陰翳之義、止、處也」 [...]
    Synonyms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum) (hangeul )

    1. 'female' principle
    2. dark
    3. secret

    Compounds[edit]


    Okinawan[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (hoto).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana ほー, romaji )

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ほー, romaji )

    1. female genitalia

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 沖縄語辞典 (Okinawago Jiten, “Okinawan Dictionary”)[1], 1963

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (âm, ơm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]