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U+7434, 琴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7434

[U+7433]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7435]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 96, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一土人戈弓 (MGOIN), four-corner 11207, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 735, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21079
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1147, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1119, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7434

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
琴-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ
*l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
*qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*qɯːm, *qaːb
*qɯːm, *qrɯːms
*krɯːm
*qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
*qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*ɡram
*ɡram
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*nɯːms
*sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
*sɢrɯm
*sɡrɯm
*sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
*sɡrɯm
*ɡjɯms
*krɯm
*krɯm
*krɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯmʔ
*kʰrɯms
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm
*qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
*qrɯm
*qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
*qrɯms
*qrɯms
*ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡrɯm): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *krɯm).

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjim/
Li
Rong
/ɡjəm/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ gim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[C.ɢ](r)[ə]m/
English lute

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6605
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (music) qin (“Chinese zithers”), referring to any of several traditional Chinese musical instruments, most famously the guqin
  2. to play the qin
  3. (music) collective name for certain musical instruments, usually of string or keyboard types, such as piano, organ, violin, cello, huqin, accordion, harmonica, etc.
Descendants[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See 琴日.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese) yesterday

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. zither
  2. any stringed or keyboard instrument

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
(koto): a Japanese koto, a kind of zither.
Kanji in this term
こと
Grade: S
kun’yomi

⟨ko2to2 → */kətə//koto/

From Old Japanese, attested in the three major literature works of the Nara period: the Kojiki (712 CE), the Nihon Shoki (720 CE), and the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE).[1]

Possibly derived from a compound of elements (ko, tree, wood, combining form) +‎ (oto, sound), with the additional medial o dropped by haplology.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Japanese zither):

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こと, rōmaji koto)

  1. a koto (Japanese zither)
    • 711-712, Kojiki (poem 74)
       () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
       (から) () (しほ) () () (あま) (こと) (つく) () ()くや () () () () (なか)のいくりに () ()つなづの ()のさやさや [Modern spelling]
      Karano o shio ni yaki shi ga amari koto ni tsukuri kakihiku ya Yura-no-to no tonaka no ikuri ni furetatsu nazu no ki no sayasaya
      (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. (colloquial) a guzheng, zheng (Chinese zither), where the koto was based on [since after the Edo period]
    Synonym: ()
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana こと, rōmaji Koto)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
きん
Grade: S
kan’on

/kim//kimʉ//kiɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC ɡˠiɪm). The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きん, rōmaji kin)

  1. a guqin, qin (seven-stringed Chinese zither)
    Synonym: 古琴 (kokin)
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana きん, rōmaji Kin)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname​.

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Various nanori readings.

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana くむ, rōmaji Kumu)

  1. a surname​.

(hiragana ぐん, rōmaji Gun)

  1. a surname​.

(hiragana ことえ, rōmaji Kotoe)

  1. a female given name

(hiragana ことざき, rōmaji Kotozaki)

  1. a surname​.

(hiragana ことみ, rōmaji Kotomi)

  1. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 18, poem 1435), text here
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geum) (hangeul , revised geum, McCune–Reischauer kŭm, Yale kum)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cầm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.