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U+7434, 琴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7434

[U+7433]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7435]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 96, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一土人戈弓 (MGOIN), four-corner 11207, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 735, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21079
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1147, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1119, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7434

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
珡-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡrɯm): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *krɯm).

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjim/
Li
Rong
/ɡjəm/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ gim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[C.ɢ](r)[ə]m/
English lute

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6605
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (music) qin (“Chinese zithers”), referring to any of several traditional Chinese musical instruments, most famously the guqin
  2. to play the qin
  3. (music) collective name for certain musical instruments, usually of string or keyboard types, such as piano, organ, violin, cello, huqin, accordion, harmonica, etc.
Descendants[edit]
  • Burmese: ခင် (hkang)
  • English: qin
  • Thai: ขิม (kǐm) (via Min Nan)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See 琴日.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese) yesterday

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
こと
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling (Japanese zither)

⟨ko2to2 → */kətə//koto/

From Old Japanese, attested in the three major literature works of the Nara period: the Kojiki (712 CE), the Nihon Shoki (720 CE), and the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE).[1]

Possibly derived from a compound of elements (ko, tree, wood, combining form) +‎ (oto, sound), with the additional medial o dropped by haplology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(こと) (koto

  1. koto: a Japanese zither derived from the Chinese guzheng
  2. (colloquial) guzheng: a Chinese zither where the koto was based on [since after the Edo period]
    Synonym: ()
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(こと) (Koto

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
きん
Grade: S
kan’on
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

/kimʉ//kiɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC ɡˠiɪm). The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(きん) (kin

  1. a guqin, qin (seven-stringed Chinese zither)
    Synonym: 古琴 (kokin)
Derived terms[edit]

Affix[edit]

(きん) (kin

  1. guqin (ancient Chinese seven-stringed zither) or other related instruments
  2. any stringed or keyboard instrument
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(きん) (Kin

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname​.

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Various nanori readings.

Proper noun[edit]

(くむ) (Kumu

  1. a surname​.

(ぐん) (Gun

  1. a surname​.

(ことえ) (Kotoe

  1. a female given name

(ことざき) (Kotozaki

  1. a surname​.

(ことみ) (Kotomi

  1. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 18, poem 1435), text here
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geum) (hangeul , revised geum, McCune–Reischauer kŭm, Yale kum)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cầm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.