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U+7434, 琴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7434

[U+7433]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7435]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 96 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一土人戈弓 (MGOIN), four-corner 11207, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 735, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21079
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1147, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1119, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7434

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰl'uːm
l̥ʰuːmʔ
l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
qʰɯːm
qʰɯːm
qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
ɡɯːm
ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
ɡɯːm
ɡɯːm
ɡɯːm
ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
ɡɯːms
ɡɯːms
qɯːm, *qaːb
qɯːm, *qrɯːms
krɯːm
qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
ɡram, *ɡrɯm
ɡram
ɡram
ɡram, *ɡrɯm
nɯːms
sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
sɢrɯm
sɡrɯm
sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
sɡrɯm
ɡjɯms
krɯm
krɯm
krɯm
kʰrɯm
kʰrɯmʔ
kʰrɯms
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯms
ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
ŋɡrɯm
qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
qrɯm
qrɯm
qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
qrɯms
qrɯms
ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡrɯm): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *krɯm).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjim/
Li
Rong
/ɡjəm/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ gim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[C.ɢ](r)[ə]m/
English lute

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6605
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (music) qin (“Chinese zithers”), referring to any of several traditional Chinese musical instruments, most famously the guqin
  2. to play the qin
  3. (music) collective name for certain musical instruments, such as piano, organ, violin, cello, huqin, accordion, harmonica, etc.

Descendants[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
こと
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こと, rōmaji koto)

  1. Japanese zither/harp; koto
Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geum) (hangeul , revised geum, McCune-Reischauer kŭm, Yale kum)

  1. Chinese lute or guitar

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cầm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.