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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + : many rooms under a roof (a palace).

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十口竹口 (JRHR), four-corner 30606, composition)

  1. palace
  2. temple
  3. dwelling
  4. enclose
  5. first note in the Chinese pentatonic scale (do)

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 285, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7156
  • Dae Jaweon: page 564, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 2, page 936, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5BAE

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Etymology[edit]

Possibly borrowed from the hypothetical Proto-Altaic *k`umi ‎(tent, temporary dwelling).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (宮), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 東
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 居戎切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨuŋ/ /ki̯uŋ/ /kiuŋ/ /kiuŋ/ /kuwŋ/ /kĭuŋ/ /kiuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gōng ‹ kjuwng › /*k(r)uŋ/ dwelling; palace; note of scale

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4147 0 /*kuŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. womb; uterus
  2. castration (one of the imperial five punishments of feudal China 五刑)

Noun[edit]

  1. palace
  2. temple
  3. (first note in the Chinese pentatonic scale)

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. a shrine; a palace

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
みや
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

/mi1ya//miya/

From Old Japanese. A compound of or ‎(mi, spiritual honorific) +‎ ‎(ya, house).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みや, romaji miya)

  1. (Shintō) the place where a god resides: a shrine
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 413)[3]
      Miya. ミヤ (宮) 神 (Camis)の社.
  2. (Buddhism) a temple holding a Buddhist statue
  3. the place where a ruler resides: a palace
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 413)[3]
      Miya. ミヤ (宮) 国王の子. また, 国王の宮殿
  4. a member of the imperial family
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 413)[3]
      Miya. ミヤ (宮) 国王の子. また, 国王の宮殿

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みや, romaji Miya)

  1. A surname​.
  2. an old name for a region in the Atsuta area of Nagoya, Aichi prefecture, where the Atsuta Shrine is located

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
きゅう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(kjuwng, dwelling; palace; note on a scale). Compare modern Min Nan reading kiong.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū)

  1. a palace
  2. (traditional music of China and Japan) the keynote or tonic of a musical scale, such as do in the do re mi scale notation of solfège
  3. Contraction of 宮刑: literally “palace punishment”, this consisted of castration for men and sequestration in the palace for women
  4. (astronomy, astrology) a zodiac sign or house, defined as one-twelfth of the circle of the ecliptic
    黄道十二 (おうどうじゅうに) (きゅう)宝瓶 (ほうへい) (きゅう)
    ōdō jūni kyū, hōhei kyū
    the twelve signs of the zodiac, the house of Aquarius

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1980 [1603–1604], Tadao Doi, Hōyaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-0008-0021-3:

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gung) (hangeul , revised gung, McCune-Reischauer kung)

  1. ( 궁): house
  2. (대궐 궁): palace

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cung)

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