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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
秋-bw.png
Stroke order
秋-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木火 (HDF), four-corner 29980, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 850, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24940
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1273, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2595, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+79CB

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
秋-bigseal.svg 秋-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(grain) +  ‎(fire). The oracle bone forms and bronze inscriptions show the pictogram (象形) of a cricket.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiou⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰiou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiou²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiou²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰiou²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiou²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiəu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiou³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰʰiəu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰiəu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiəu⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiəu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiəɯ³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəu¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiəu¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiø³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰɤu³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiu³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰiəu³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰiəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰiu⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰiu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐu⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiu⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /siu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰuw/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiu/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsʰiw/
English autumn; crop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10537
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰɯw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. autumn; fall
  2. year
  3. period; time
  4. A surname​.
See also[edit]
Seasons in Chinese · 四季 (sìjì) (layout · text)
(chūn, “spring”) (xià, “summer”) (“fall; autumn”) (dōng, “winter”)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. autumn

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
あき
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Likely cognate with 明き ‎(aki, bright), ‎(aka, red), 飽きる ‎(akiru, to become full up, possibly in reference to the harvest), 空く ‎(aku, to become empty), 開く ‎(aku, to open up). However, the exact relationship of these terms remains unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あき, romaji aki)

  1. autumn, fall (season)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Japanese ·  () () ‎(shiki) (layout · text)
 (はる) ‎(haru, spring)  (なつ) ‎(natsu, summer)  (あき) ‎(aki, fall; autumn)  (ふゆ) ‎(fuyu, winter)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: chu, McCune-Reischauer: ch'u, Yale: chwu)
  • Name (hangeul): 가을 (Yale: kaulchwu)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.