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U+79CB, 秋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79CB

[U+79CA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79CC]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
秋-bw.png
Stroke order
秋-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木火 (HDF), four-corner 29980, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 850, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24940
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1273, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2595, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+79CB

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
秋-bigseal.svg 秋-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰew
*sʰiw, *sʰiws, *sʰɯw
*sʰiwʔ, *zɯwʔ
*ʔsliwʔ, *ʔsɯw, *sʰɯw, *zɯwʔ
*ʔsɯw
*ʔsɯw
*ʔsɯw
*ʔsɯw
*sʰɯw
*sʰɯw
*sʰɯw
*sʰɯw
*sʰɯw
*sʰɯw
*sʰɯw
*ʔsrɯws
*sʰrɯw
*zrɯw
*zrɯws

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (grain) + (fire). The oracle bone forms and bronze inscriptions show the pictogram (象形) of a cricket.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiou⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰiou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiou²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiou²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰiou²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiou²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiəu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiou³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰʰiəu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰiəu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiəu⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiəu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiəɯ³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəu¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiəu¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiø³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰɤu³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiu³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰiəu³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰiəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰiu⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰiu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐu⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiu⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /siu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰuw/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiu/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsʰiw/
English autumn; crop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10537
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰɯw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. autumn; fall
  2. year
  3. period; time
  4. A surname​.
See also[edit]
Seasons in Chinese · 四季 (sìjì) (layout · text)
(chūn, “spring”) (xià, “summer”) (“fall; autumn”) (dōng, “winter”)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. autumn

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
あき
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Likely cognate with 明き(aki, bright), (aka, red), 飽きる(akiru, to become full up, possibly in reference to the harvest), 空く(aku, to become empty), 開く(aku, to open up). However, the exact relationship of these terms remains unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あき, romaji aki)

  1. autumn, fall (season)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Japanese ·  () ()(shiki) (layout · text)
 (はる)(haru, spring)  (なつ)(natsu, summer)  (あき)(aki, fall; autumn)  (ふゆ)(fuyu, winter)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: chu, McCune-Reischauer: ch'u, Yale: chwu)
  • Name (hangeul): 가을 (Yale: kaulchwu)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.