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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
秋-bw.png
Stroke order
秋-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(grain) +  ‎(fire) - burning crops with fire.
In autumn, the Ancient Chinese would burn the fields to kill the locust eggs, in order to prevent them from eating the crops the following year.

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木火 (HDF), four-corner 29980, composition)

  1. autumn, fall
  2. year

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 850, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24940
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1273, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2595, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+79CB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiou⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰiou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiou²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiou²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰiou²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiou²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiəu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiou³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰʰiəu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰiəu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiəu⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiəu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiəɯ³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəu¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiəu¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiø³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰɤu³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiu³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰiəu³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰiəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰiu⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰiu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐu⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiu⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /siu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰuw/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiu/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsʰiw/
English autumn; crop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10537
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰɯw/

Noun[edit]

  1. autumn; fall

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Chinese · 四季 (sìjì, “four seasons”) (layout · text)
(chūn, “spring”) (xià, “summer”) (“fall; autumn”) (dōng, “winter”)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. autumn

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
あき
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Likely cognate with 明き ‎(aki, bright), ‎(aka, red), 飽きる ‎(akiru, to become full up, possibly in reference to the harvest), 空く ‎(aku, to become empty), 開く ‎(aku, to open up). However, the exact relationship of these terms remains unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あき, romaji aki)

  1. autumn, fall (season)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Japanese ·  () () ‎(shiki, four seasons) (layout · text)
 (はる) ‎(haru, spring)  (なつ) ‎(natsu, summer)  (あき) ‎(aki, fall; autumn)  (ふゆ) ‎(fuyu, winter)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: chu, McCune-Reischauer: ch'u, Yale: chwu)
  • Name (hangeul): 가을 (Yale: kaulchwu)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.