紅葉

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See also: 红叶

Chinese[edit]

 
red; revolutionary; prosperity; bonus; popular
leaf; page
trad. (紅葉)
simp. (红叶)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

紅葉

  1. red autumnal leaves

Japanese[edit]

Momijien 2005 005.jpg

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
もみ
Grade: 6
Grade: 3
Irregular

/momi1ti/ invalid IPA characters (1)/momiti//momit͡ɕi/

From Old Japanese. Attested in the Man'yōshū, spelled either in jukujikun or phonetically in man'yōgana.

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative form) of the ancient classical verb 紅葉つ (momitsu).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 黄葉 (usually for mostly "yellow" leaves)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

紅葉 (hiragana もみち, rōmaji momichi)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) colored autumn leaves
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 19, poem 4223), text here
       () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
      あをによし () () (ひと) ()むと () () () (しめ)けむ紅葉 (もみち) (つち) ()ちめやも [Modern spelling]
      ao ni yoshi Nara-hito mimu to waga seko ga shime-kemu momichi tsuchi ni ochime ya mo
      In order that that person in Nara may see them, you, my friend, might have put a [shime] round the [momiji]. Should they then fall on the ground? (Never)[1]
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 19, poem 4225), text here
       (あし) () () () (やまの)黄葉 (もみち) () () () () (あひ) ()将落 (ちらむ) (やま) () ()公之 (きみが) (こえ) () () [Man'yōgana]
      あしひきの (やま)紅葉 (もみち)にしづくあひて ()らむ (やま) () (きみ) ()えまく [Modern spelling]
      ashi-hiki no yama no momichi ni shizuku aite chiramu yama-ji o kimi ga koemaku
      Together with the red autumn-leaves of the footdragging hills, the raindrops will be scattered on the hill-road, which my lord must cross over.[1]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
もみ
Grade: 6
Grade: 3
Irregular

/momiti//momidi//momid͡ʑi/

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative form) of the classical verb 紅葉づ (momidu), modern 紅葉ず (momizu). Appears to be a later sound change from momichi above.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (autumn leaves): 黄葉 (usually mostly "yellow")
  • (Japanese maple): ,

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

紅葉 (hiragana もみじ, rōmaji momiji, historical hiragana もみぢ)

  1. colored autumn leaves
  2. Japanese maple (Acer palmatum)
  3. Short for 紅葉襲 (momiji-gasane).
  4. (colloquial) venison
  5. name of a 家紋 (kamon, family crest), another name for 楓紋 (kaede-mon)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

紅葉 (hiragana もみじ, rōmaji Momiji)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname​.
  3. a female given name

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
もみ
Grade: 6
は > ば
Grade: 3
Irregular

Likely from Old Japanese. Compound of 紅葉 (もみじ) (momiji, autumn colors) +  () (ha, leaf). The ha changes to ba as an instance of rendaku (連濁). Also appears with the ancient pronunciation of momichi.

The momichi/momiji part is usually spelled in kana for emphasis.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 黄葉 (usually for mostly "yellow" leaves)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

紅葉 (hiragana もみじば, rōmaji momiji-ba, historical hiragana もみぢば)
(alternative reading hiragana もみちば, romaji momichi-ba)

  1. colored autumn leaves, usually from the kaede (Japanese maple, Acer palmatum)
    • c. 1005, Shūi Wakashū (book 17, poem 1128; also Hyakunin Isshu, poem 26)
       () (ぐら) (やま) (みね)もみぢ () (こころ)あらば (いま)ひとたびみゆき ()たなむ
      Ogura-yama mine no momiji-ba kokoro araba ima hitotabi no miyuki matanan
      Maple leaves on Mt. Ogura, if you have enough sense you will stay as you are until the next imperial visit.[4]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 6
よう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

/kou epu/*/kouewu/*/koueu//koːyoː/

From Middle Chinese 紅葉 (MC ɦuŋ jiᴇp̚). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

紅葉 (hiragana こうよう, rōmaji kōyō, historical hiragana こうえふ)

  1. colored autumn leaves, usually red
    • 1999 August 26, “こうようじょおう [Queen of Autumn Leaves]”, in Booster 4, Konami:
       (あざ)やかな (こう) (よう) (かこ)まれて ()らす、 (りょく) (じゅ) (れい) (おう)のお ()
      Azayaka na kōyō ni kakomarete kurasu, Ryokuju no Reiō no ohi.
      The consort of the Spirit King of Greenery, living within vibrant autumn leaves.
  2. leaves turning red; red leaves

Proper noun[edit]

紅葉 (hiragana こうよう, rōmaji Kōyō, historical hiragana こうえふ)

  1. a female given name

See also[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Various nanori readings.

Proper noun[edit]

紅葉 (hiragana あかは, rōmaji Akaha)

  1. a female given name

紅葉 (hiragana あけは, rōmaji Akeha)

  1. a female given name

紅葉 (hiragana あげは, rōmaji Ageha)

  1. a female given name

紅葉 (hiragana いろは, rōmaji Iroha)

  1. a female given name

紅葉 (hiragana かえで, rōmaji Kaede)

  1. a female given name

紅葉 (hiragana くれは, rōmaji Kureha)

  1. a female given name

紅葉 (hiragana べには, rōmaji Beniha)

  1. a female given name

紅葉 (hiragana もみ, rōmaji Momi)

  1. a female given name

紅葉 (hiragana もよ, rōmaji Moyo)

  1. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Jan Lodewijk Pierson, Jr. (1963) The Manyôśû Translated and Annotated Book XVIII, Brill Archive
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ Janet Emily Goff (2014) Noh Drama and "The Tale of the Genji": The Art of Allusion in Fifteen Classical Plays (Princeton Legacy Library), annotated edition, Princeton University Press, ISBN 1-4008-6181-0, page 263
  4. ^ Sasaki Sanmi; Shaun McCabe; Iwasaki Satoko (2011) Chado the Way of Tea: A Japanese Tea Master's Almanac, Tuttle Publishing, ISBN 1-4629-0036-4, page 564