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U+83CA, 菊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-83CA

[U+83C9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+83CB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿心火木 (TPFD), four-corner 44927, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1037, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31153
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1495, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3238, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+83CA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia zh

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
菊-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kuɡ
*kuɡ, *kʰuɡ, *ɡuɡ
*kluɡ
*kluɡ
*kuɡ, *ɡuɡ
*kuɡ
*kuɡ
*kuɡ, *ɡuɡ
*kuɡ, *ɡuɡ
*kuɡ
*kuɡ
*kuɡ
*kʰuɡ
*ɡuɡ
*ɡuɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kuɡ): semantic  + phonetic (OC *kluɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kak - vernacular;
  • kiok - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕy²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕy²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕyʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕioʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕioʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕiəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰiuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kok̚⁵/
Nanning /kuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kuk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiɔk̚³²/
/kik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /køyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ky²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kiak̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuwk̚/
Li
Rong
/kiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ju
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7005
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. chrysanthemum

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
きく
Grade: S
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きく, romaji kiku)

  1. chrysanthemum

Compounds[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きく, romaji Kiku)

  1. A female given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(guk) (hangeul , revised guk, McCune-Reischauer kuk, Yale kwuk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cúc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.