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U+83CA, 菊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-83CA

[U+83C9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+83CB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿心火木 (TPFD), four-corner 44927, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1037, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31153
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1495, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3238, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+83CA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
菊-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kuɡ
*kuɡ, *kʰuɡ, *ɡuɡ
*kluɡ
*kluɡ
*kuɡ, *ɡuɡ
*kuɡ
*kuɡ
*kuɡ, *ɡuɡ
*kuɡ, *ɡuɡ
*kuɡ
*kuɡ
*kuɡ
*kʰuɡ
*ɡuɡ
*ɡuɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kuɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kluɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kiok - literary;
  • kak/kek - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕy³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕy²¹/
    Jinan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕy²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕy²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕy¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕy¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕy²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕy³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕyʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕyəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕioʔ⁵/
    /t͡ɕyɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕioʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕɤu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiuʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕiu⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕiəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiuʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰiuk̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kʰiuk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kok̚⁵/
    Nanning /kuk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kuk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiɔk̚³²/
    /kik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /køyʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ky²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kik̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kiak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kuwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ju
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7005
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kuɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. chrysanthemum

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. chrysanthemum

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    きく
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (kɨuk̚, chrysanthemum).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana きく, katakana キク, rōmaji kiku)

    1. chrysanthemum

    Compounds[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana きく, rōmaji Kiku)

    1. A female given name

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (guk) (hangeul , revised guk, McCune-Reischauer kuk, Yale kwuk)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cúc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.