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U+8650, 虐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8650

[U+864F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8651]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 141 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜心尸一 (YPSM), four-corner 21211)

  1. cruel, harsh, oppressive
  2. abuse

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1073, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1540, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2820, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8650

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋawɢ
*ŋawɢ
*hŋawɢ

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /nyɛ⁵¹/
Harbin /iau⁵³/
/nyɛ⁵³/
Tianjin /niɑu⁵³/
/nye⁵³/
Jinan /yə²¹/
Qingdao /yə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yo²⁴/
Xi'an /yo²¹/
Xining /ȵyu²⁴/
Yinchuan /nye¹³/
Lanzhou /yə¹³/
/miə¹³/
Ürümqi /yɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /nio²¹³/
Chengdu /nyo³¹/
Guiyang /nio²¹/
Kunming /nio³¹/
Nanjing /loʔ⁵/
Hefei /lyɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iəʔ²/
Pingyao /ȵyʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /niaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiaʔ¹/
Suzhou /ȵiɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /ȵiɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ȵa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /niɔ²²/
Tunxi /ȵio¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵio²⁴/
Xiangtan /ȵio²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /ŋiok̚¹/
Taoyuan /ŋiok̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœk̚²/
Nanning /nœk̚²²/
Hong Kong /jœk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giɔk̚⁵/
/liɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋyoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /niɔk̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋiak̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuè
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nüè
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ](r)awk/
English cruel

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9636
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋawɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hak) (hangeul , revised hak, McCune-Reischauer hak, Yale hak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngược, ngước)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.