自己

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Chinese[edit]

 
from; self; oneself; since
6th heavenly stem; self
simp. and trad.
(自己)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

自己

  1. self; oneself
    一個愚昧以為自己 [MSC, trad.]
    一个愚昧以为自己 [MSC, simp.]
    Yīge yúmèi de rén zǒng yǐwèi zìjǐ shì duì de. [Pinyin]
    Ignorant people always believe they are right.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 自己 (“oneself”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , 自己, 自家
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 自己
Mandarin Beijing 自個兒, 自己個兒, 各個兒
Taiwan 自己
Jinan 自家, 自個兒
Xi'an 自個兒, 自己個兒
Wuhan 自家, 自己
Chengdu 自家, 各人, 自己
Yangzhou 自簡, 自己
Hefei 自家
Cantonese Guangzhou 自己
Hong Kong 自己
Taishan 自己, 家己
Yangjiang 自己
Gan Nanchang 自簡
Hakka Meixian 自家
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 自家
Liudui (S. Sixian) 自家
Hsinchu (Hailu) 自家
Dongshi (Dabu) 自家
Hsinchu (Raoping) 自家
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 自家
Huizhou Jixi 自家
Jin Taiyuan 自己, 自家
Min Bei Jian'ou 自己
Min Dong Fuzhou 自家
Min Nan Xiamen 家己
Quanzhou 家己
Zhangzhou 家己
Taipei 家己
Kaohsiung 家己
Tainan 家己
Taichung 家己
Hsinchu 家己
Lukang 家己
Sanxia 家己
Yilan 家己
Kinmen 家己
Magong 家己
Penang 家己
Philippines (Manila) 家己
Chaozhou 家己
Shantou 家己
Haikou 家己
Leizhou 家己
Wu Suzhou 自家
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha 自家
Shuangfeng 自家, 自己

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

自己

  1. by oneself
    自己  ―  Zìjǐ ná ba!  ―  Help yourself!

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (自己):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 6
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

自己 (hiragana じこ, rōmaji jiko)

  1. self; oneself

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

自己 (jagi) (hangeul 자기)

  1. Hanja form? of 자기 (oneself).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

自己

  1. Hán tự form of tự kỉ (autistic; introverted).