自分

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Chinese[edit]

 
from; self; oneself
from; self; oneself; since
 
to divide; minute; (a measure word)
to divide; minute; (a measure word); (a unit of leng
trad. (自分)
simp. #(自分)

Pronunciation[edit]


Verb[edit]

自分

  1. (literary) to evaluate oneself

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ぶん
Grade: 2
goon

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(ぶん) (jibun

  1. oneself
    ()()とは(ちが)()(ぶん)
    kako to wa chigau jibun
    a self who is different from the [self of the] past
    ()(ろう)()(ぶん)()めた
    Tarō wa jibun o semeta.
    Taro blamed himself.
    • 2004 September 8, Watsuki, Nobuhiro, “(だい)34(さんじゅうよん)() Let’s(レッツ)()() [Chapter 34: Let’s Go for a Hospital Visit]”, in ()(ソウ)(レン)(キン) [Armed Alchemy], volume 4, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, page 161–162:
      いいえ (おれ)()ちたいのは()(ぶん)です
      Īe ore ga kachitai no wa jibun desu
      No, the one I want to beat is myself
  2. first-person pronoun: I, me (often shows the speaker's lower position in a hierarchy than the addressee)
  3. (Kansai) you

Usage notes[edit]

  • ()(ぶん) (jibun) means “oneself”, with ()(ぶん) (jibun de) meaning “by oneself, by one’s own efforts”. By contrast, (ひと)() and (ひと) (hitori de) mean rather “alone”. Compare doing an assignment by oneself (without help) versus doing an assignment alone (without any other person around).

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.