自分

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Chinese[edit]

 
from; self; oneself
from; self; oneself; since
 
to divide; minute; (a measure word)
to divide; minute; (a measure word); (a unit of leng
trad. (自分)
simp. #(自分)

Pronunciation[edit]


Verb[edit]

自分

  1. (literary) to evaluate oneself

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ぶん
Grade: 2
goon

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

自分(じぶん) (jibun

  1. oneself
    ()()とは(ちが)()(ぶん)
    kako to wa chigau jibun
    a self who is different from the [self of the] past
    太郎(たろう)自分(じぶん)()めた
    Tarō wa jibun o semeta.
    Taro blamed himself.
    • 2004 September 8, Watsuki, Nobuhiro, “(だい)34(さんじゅうよん)() Let’s(レッツ)()() [Chapter 34: Let’s Go for a Hospital Visit]”, in ()(ソウ)(レン)(キン) [Armed Alchemy], volume 4, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, page 161–162:
      (つよ)くなってカズキに()ちたいのか?
      …Tsuyoku natte Kazuki ni kachitai no ka?
      …You want to be stronger to beat Kazuki?
      ——…いいえ (おれ)()ちたいのは()(ぶん)です
      ——…Īe ore ga kachitai no wa jibun desu
      ——…No, the one I want to beat is myself
    • 2005 November 9, Watsuki, Nobuhiro, “()(ソウ)(レン)(キン)ファイナル [Armed Alchemy: The Final Act]”, in ()(ソウ)(レン)(キン) [Armed Alchemy], volume 9, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      A-MEN…(アーメン…)
      それは()(ぶん)(たい)するお(いの)りか?
      Āmen…
      Sore wa jibun ni tai suru o-inori ka?
      Amen…
      Are you praying for yourself?
  2. I (often shows the speaker's lower position in a hierarchy than the addressee)
  3. (Kansai) you

Usage notes[edit]

  • ()(ぶん) (jibun) means “oneself”, with ()(ぶん) (jibun de) meaning “by oneself, by one’s own efforts”. By contrast, (ひと)() and (ひと) (hitori de) mean rather “alone”. Compare doing an assignment by oneself (without help) versus doing an assignment alone (without any other person around).

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.