Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: (katakana), , , , 𠄞, and 𠄠
Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E8C
Code point U+4E8C
Entity number 二
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E8B] [U+4E8D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
二-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 7 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 一一 (MM), four-corner 10100, composition一)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 86, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 247
  • Dae Jaweon: page 175, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 2, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E8C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
二-oracle.svg 二-bronze.svg 二-silk.svg 二-bigseal.svg 二-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) - two parallel lines. Compare with , one line meaning one, , three lines meaning three, and , four lines meaning four.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g/s-ni-s.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪH/ /ȵʑiH/ /ȵiH/ /ȵiH/ /ȵiH/ /ȵʑiH/ /ȵʑjɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
èr ‹ nyijH › /*ni[j]-s/ two

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2824 2 /*njis/

Definitions[edit]

  1. two
  2. second
  3. secondary, vice-
  4. again, once more
  5. two-fold, double
  6. fold, times
  7. different; other, else
  8. Short for "twenty, two hundred or two thousand" after hundreds, thousands and ten thousands.
  9. Short for "twenty cents".
  10. (Northeast Mandarin, neologism) stupid, dumb; silly, thick, lacking mental agility (often in a cute way)

Usage notes[edit]

See 兩#Usage notes.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (used in counting) (liǎng)

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿
Playing cards in Chinese · 撲克牌扑克牌 (pūkèpái) (layout · text)
40 Asso di picche.jpg 41 Due di picche.jpg 42 Tre di picche.jpg 43 Quattro di picche.jpg 44 Cinque di picche.jpg 45 Sei di picche.jpg 46 Sette di picche.jpg
A
47 Otto di picche.jpg 48 Nove di picche.jpg 49 Dieci di picche.jpg 50 J di picche.jpg 51 Q di picche.jpg 52 K di picche.jpg Jolly Nero.jpg
J Q K 小王 ‎(black), 大王 ‎(red)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (financial or formal)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(nyijH, two).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ni)

  1. two, 2
  2. second

Numeral[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal :

(, ni)

  1. two, 2
Idioms[edit]
  • 二兎を追う者は一兎をも得ず
    にとをおうものはいっとをもうず
    nito o oumono wa itto o mo uzu
    focus on one thing at a time
  • 二の足を踏む
    にのあしをふむ
    ni no ashi o fumu
    hesitate; think twice; shy or flinch
  • 二階から目薬
    にかいからめぐすり
    nikai kara megusuri
    trying to do an impossible task; taking eye medicine from the 2nd floor

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふた
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Originally /huta/: *[puta] > [ɸuta]. The Ablaut form of ‎(hito2, one), which it doubles.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふた, romaji futa)

  1. two

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(i)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: i, McCune-Reischauer: i, Yale: i)
  • Name (hangeul): 둘, 두 (revised: dul, McCune-Reischauer: tul, Yale: twul)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhì, nhị)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Zhuang[edit]

Sawndip[edit]

‎(ngeih)

  1. two