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See also: and
U+793A, 示
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-793A

[U+7939]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+793B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
示-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 113, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一一火 (MMF), four-corner 10901, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #113, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 839, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24623
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1256, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2385, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+793A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𥘅
𡭕

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
示-bronze-shang.svg 示-oracle.svg 示-silk.svg 示-ancient.svg 示-seal.svg 示-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡle, *ɢljils
*ɡril, *kljilʔ
*ŋɡril, *ɡʷren
*ɡljilʔ, *ɡljils, *ɢljils
*ɡljilʔ, *ɡljils, *ɢljils
*li

Pictogram (象形) – an altar.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Tianjin /sz̩⁵³/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹/
Qingdao /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹²/
Xi'an /sz̩⁴⁴/
Xining /sz̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /sz̩²¹³/
Wuhan /sz̩³⁵/
Chengdu /sz̩¹³/
Guiyang /sz̩²¹³/
Kunming /ʂʐ̩²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /sz̩⁴⁵/
Pingyao /sz̩³⁵/
Hohhot /sz̩⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩ʷ³¹/
Hangzhou /zz̩¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /sz̩²²/
Tunxi /ɕi²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sz̩²¹/
Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃï⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /si²²/
Nanning /si²²/
Hong Kong /si²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /si²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /si³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si³⁵/
/mai³⁵/ 訓讀

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (27)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑiH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-ɡijʔ-s/
English show (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 11606
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢljils/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to show

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to put; to place; to plant; to establish; to set up; to install; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“earth spirit; big; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. causing attention, showing, important

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(si, gi) (hangeul , , revised si, gi, McCune–Reischauer si, ki, Yale si, ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thị, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.