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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
示-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
示-oracle.svg 示-bigseal.svg 示-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – an altar.

Also a simplification of , as part of compounds ().

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一一火 (MMF), four-corner 10901, composition)

  1. show, manifest
  2. demonstrate

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 839, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24623
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1256, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2385, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+793A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Tianjin /sz̩⁵³/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹/
Qingdao /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹²/
Xi'an /sz̩⁴⁴/
Xining /sz̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /sz̩²¹³/
Wuhan /sz̩³⁵/
Chengdu /sz̩¹³/
Guiyang /sz̩²¹³/
Kunming /ʂʐ̩²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /sz̩⁴⁵/
Pingyao /sz̩³⁵/
Hohhot /sz̩⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩ʷ³¹/
Hangzhou /zz̩¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /sz̩²²/
Tunxi /ɕi²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sz̩²¹/
Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃï⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /si²²/
Nanning /si²²/
Hong Kong /si²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /si²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /si³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si³⁵/
/mai³⁵/ 訓讀

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (30) (27)
Final () (11) (15)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡiᴇ/ /ʑiɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɛ/ /ʑiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡjɛ/ /ʑjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/giə̆/ /ʑiH/
Li
Rong
/ɡie/ /d͡ʑiH/
Wang
Li
/ɡǐe/ /d͡ʑiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gie̯/ /d͡ʑʰiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì zhì
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyijH › ‹ tsyeH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-ɡijʔ-s/ /*ke-s/
English show (v.) put (= 寘)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11598 11606
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡle/ /*ɢljils/
Notes

Verb[edit]

  1. to show

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. causing attention, showing, important

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(si, gi) (hangeul , , revised si, gi, McCune-Reischauer si, ki, Yale si, ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thị, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.