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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
宗-oracle.svg 宗-bronze.svg 宗-bigseal.svg 宗-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(house) +  ‎(worship) – house of worship.

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十一一火 (JMMF), four-corner 30901, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 283, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7106
  • Dae Jaweon: page 557, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 917, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5B97

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /suŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡suŋ²¹/
Jinan /t͡suŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡səŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡suŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡suŋ²¹/
Xining /t͡suə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡sũn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡soŋ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡soŋ³¹/
Hefei /t͡səŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡suŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soŋ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡soŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡san¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡soŋ³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sən³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡suŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡suŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡soŋ⁵³/
Nanning /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sɔŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡soŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /toŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (13)
Final: (5)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zōng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suoŋ/ /t͡suoŋ/ /t͡soŋ/ /t͡sawŋ/ /t͡soŋ/ /t͡suoŋ/ /t͡suoŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zōng ‹ tsowng › /*[ts]ˤuŋ/ ancestral temple

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17892 0 /*ʔsuːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ancestral temple
  2. ancestors or elders of a people
  3. family
    宗法 (zōngfǎ)
  4. having the same ancestry
    宗兄
  5. school, sect
    禪宗禅宗
  6. main purpose
    宗旨 (zōngzhǐ)
  7. classifier for legal cases

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jong) (hangeul , revised jong, McCune-Reischauer chong)

  1. fundamental knowledge
  2. root, ancestry

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tông, tong, tôn, tung)

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