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See also:
U+7CBD, 粽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7CBD

[U+7CBC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7CBE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 119 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 火木十一火 (FDJMF), four-corner 93991, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 910, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1336, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3153, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7CBD

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
zuːŋ, *sruːŋs, *zuːŋ
zuːŋ, *ʔsoːŋ, *zuːŋ
zruːŋs
ʔsoːŋs
ʔsuːŋ
ʔsuːŋ
ʔsuːŋs
ʔsuːŋs
zuːŋ
zuːŋ
zuːŋ
zuːŋ
zuːŋ
zruŋ
zruŋ
ʔsoŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsoːŋs): semantic  (rice) + phonetic  (OC *ʔsuːŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • duung4* - by itself or at end of compound, e.g. 糯米粽;
  • duung4 - at beginning of compound, e.g. 粽葉.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡suŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡suŋ⁵³/
/t͡səŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡suŋ⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕyŋ²¹/
Qingdao /t͡səŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡syuŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡suŋ⁵³/
Xining /t͡suə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡suŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sũn¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡suŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡soŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡soŋ¹³/
Guiyang /t͡soŋ²¹³/
Kunming /t͡soŋ¹/
Nanjing /t͡soŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡səŋ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sũŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡soŋ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡soŋ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡soŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡san⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡soŋ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡sən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡suŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡suŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡soŋ³⁵/
Nanning /t͡suŋ³³/
Hong Kong /t͡suŋ³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sɔŋ²¹/
/t͡saŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɔyŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡saŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /taŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡suŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡suŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡suŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡səwŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡suŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡suŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zòng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17891
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsoːŋs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. zongzi (dumpling made of glutinous rice, wrapped in leaves) (Classifier: c)

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 粽子 (“zongzi (sticky rice dumpling)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 角黍角粽角飯
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 粽子
Mandarin Beijing 粽子
Taiwan 粽子
Harbin 粽子
Jinan 粽子
Muping 粽子
Luoyang 粽子
Jiedian 粽子
Xi'an 粽子
Xining 粽子
Xuzhou 粽子
Yinchuan 粽子
Lanzhou 粽子
Ürümqi 粽子
Wuhan 粽子
Chengdu 粽子
Guiyang 粽粑
Liuzhou 粽子
Yangzhou 粽子
Nanjing 粽子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Xinyi 古粽
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin 米粽
Hepu
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 粽子
Lichuan 粽仔粽子
Pingxiang 粽子
Hakka Meixian 粽仔
Luchuan 米粽
Changting 粽子
Wuping 粽子
Ninghua
Yudu 粽子
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 粽仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 粽仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 粽仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 粽仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 餡粽
Hong Kong 裹粽
Sabah 裹粽
Senai
Huizhou Jixi 裹粽
Jin Taiyuan 粽子
Xinzhou 粽子粽粽
Min Dong Fuzhou 裹粽角黍 suburbs
Fuqing
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Penang
Chaozhou 粽球
Shantou 粽球
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning 粽子
Wu Shanghai 粽子
Suzhou 粽子
Hangzhou 粽子
Wenzhou
Chongming 粽子
Danyang 粽子
Jinhua
Ningbo 粽子
Xiang Changsha 粽子
Loudi 粽子
Quanzhou 粽粑

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ちまき, rōmaji chimaki)

  1. rice cake wrapped in bamboo leaves

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jong) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer chong, Yale cong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.