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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
精-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 119 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 火木手一月 (FDQMB), four-corner 95927, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 910, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26997
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1336, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3150, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7CBE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (13) (13)
Final () (121) (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇŋ/ /t͡siᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛŋ/ /t͡siɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siæŋ/ /t͡siæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajŋ/ /t͡siajŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛŋ/ /t͡siɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛŋ/ /t͡sĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛŋ/ /t͡si̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng jìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjeng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tseŋ/
English fine rice; pure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11327 11337
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsleŋ/ /*ʔsleŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. spirit, essence
  2. semen
  3. sandman

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. essence
  2. refined
  3. spirit
  4. semen
  5. ghost
  6. fairy
  7. energy
  8. vitality
  9. excellence
  10. purity
  11. skill

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (/tsjeŋ/). Compare modern Mandarin ‎(jīng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

‎(-na inflection, hiragana せい, romaji sei)

  1. detailed, conscientious
  2. pure, refined
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana せい, romaji sei)

  1. polishing, refining
  2. care, conscientiousness
  3. something polished or refined, particularly polished white rice
  4. vim and vigor, energy in doing things
  5. life force, vitality, the energy of living
  6. one's emotions, mind, or soul
  7. the soul or spirit of a thing, particularly when appearing on its own; a fairy, a sprite
  8. semen
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しらげ
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Noun stem of verb 精げる ‎(shirageru, to polish, to refine), itself derived from ‎(shira, white, form used in compounds, usually shiro on its own) + ‎(gu, verbalizing suffix), originally just meaning to whiten something.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しらげ, romaji shirage)

  1. rice polishing, rice milling
  2. polished or milled rice
  3. excellence
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tinh, tênh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.