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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
精-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 119 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 火木手一月 (FDQMB), four-corner 95927, composition)

  1. spirit, essence
  2. semen
  3. sandman

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 910, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26997
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1336, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3150, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7CBE

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale jing1)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. essence
  2. refined
  3. spirit
  4. semen

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (/tsjeŋ/). Compare modern Mandarin (jīng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

(-na inflection, hiragana せい, romaji sei)

  1. detailed, conscientious
  2. pure, refined
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana せい, romaji sei)

  1. polishing, refining
  2. care, conscientiousness
  3. something polished or refined, particularly polished white rice
  4. vim and vigor, energy in doing things
  5. life force, vitality, the energy of living
  6. one's emotions, mind, or soul
  7. the soul or spirit of a thing, particularly when appearing on its own; a fairy, a sprite
  8. semen
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun stem of verb 精げる (shirageru, to polish, to refine), itself derived from (shira, white, form used in compounds, usually shiro on its own) + (gu, verbalizing suffix), originally just meaning to whiten something.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しらげ, romaji shirage)

  1. rice polishing, rice milling
  2. polished or milled rice
  3. excellence
Synonyms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin jīng (jing1), Wade-Giles ching1)

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*tziɛng)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tinh, tênh)