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U+7CBE, 精
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7CBE

[U+7CBD]
CJK Unified Ideographs 粿
[U+7CBF]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
14 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 119 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 火木手一月 (FDQMB), four-corner 95927, composition(GHTJV) or ⿰(K))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 910, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26997
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1336, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3150, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7CBE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
sʰlɯː
sʰleːns
sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
sʰleːns
sʰeːns
sʰeːns
sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
sreŋ
sreŋ
sreŋ
sreŋ, *sleːŋ
sreŋ
sreŋ, *sreŋs
sreŋ, *seːŋ
sreŋ
sreŋʔ
sreŋs
zreːŋ
ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
ʔsleŋ
ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
ʔsleŋ
ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
ʔsleŋ
ʔsleŋ
ʔsleŋ
sʰleŋ
sʰleŋ
sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
sʰleŋs
zleŋs, *zleŋ
zleŋs
zleŋ
zleŋ
zleŋ
zleŋʔ
zleŋʔ
seŋʔ, *seːŋs
seŋʔ, *seːŋ
sleŋs
sleŋs
l̥ʰeŋs
ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
sʰleːŋ
sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
sʰleːŋs
sleːŋ
sleːŋ
sleːŋ
sleːŋ
seːŋ, *seːŋs
seːŋ
seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
seːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs): semantic  (rice) + phonetic  (OC *sʰleːŋ) – polished rice.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zing1 - literary;
  • zeng1 - vernacular ("smart;
  • clever").
Note:
  • cĭng - literary;
  • ciăng - vernacular.
Note:
  • cheng - literary;
  • chiaⁿ/chiⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (13) (13)
Final () (121) (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇŋ/ /t͡siᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛŋ/ /t͡siɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siæŋ/ /t͡siæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajŋ/ /t͡siajŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛŋ/ /t͡siɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛŋ/ /t͡sĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛŋ/ /t͡si̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng jìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjeng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tseŋ/
English fine rice; pure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11327 11337
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsleŋ/ /*ʔsleŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. polished rice
  2. essence; energy
  3. spirit; energy; vigour
  4. seminal fluid; semen
  5. spirit; soul
  6. essence; concentrate
  7. demon; goblin
  8. lean meat
  9. fine; refined
  10. pure; unmixed
  11. concentrated; sincere
  12. clear; bright
  13. exquisite; profound
  14. extremely; very
  15. to be proficient; to be expert at
  16. to expose; to be bare
  17. (Cantonese) smart; clever
  18. Alternative form of (level tone)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. essence

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (t͡siᴇŋ, essence, energy). Compare modern Mandarin reading jīng.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(-na inflection, hiragana せい, rōmaji sei)

  1. detailed, conscientious
  2. pure, refined
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana せい, rōmaji sei)

  1. polishing, refining
  2. care, conscientiousness
  3. something polished or refined, particularly polished white rice
  4. vim and vigor, energy in doing things
  5. life force, vitality, the energy of living
  6. one's emotions, mind, or soul
  7. the soul or spirit of a thing, particularly when appearing on its own; a fairy, a sprite
  8. semen
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しらげ
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

Noun stem of verb 精げる (shirageru, to polish, to refine), itself derived from (shira, white, form used in compounds, usually shiro on its own) + (gu, verbalizing suffix), originally just meaning to whiten something.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しらげ, rōmaji shirage)

  1. rice polishing, rice milling
  2. polished or milled rice
  3. excellence
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tinh, tênh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.