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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
精-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 119 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 火木手一月 (FDQMB), four-corner 95927, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 910, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26997
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1336, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3150, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7CBE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (13)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siᴇŋ/ /t͡si̯ɛŋ/ /t͡siɛŋ/ /t͡siɛŋ/ /t͡siajŋ/ /t͡sĭɛŋ/ /t͡siæŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (13)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siᴇŋH/ /t͡si̯ɛŋH/ /t͡siɛŋH/ /t͡siɛŋH/ /t͡siajŋH/ /t͡sĭɛŋH/ /t͡siæŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jīng ‹ tsjeng › /*tseŋ/ fine rice; pure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11327 0 /*ʔsleŋ/
11337 0 /*ʔsleŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. spirit, essence
  2. semen
  3. sandman

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. essence
  2. refined
  3. spirit
  4. semen
  5. ghost
  6. fairy
  7. energy
  8. vitality
  9. excellence
  10. purity
  11. skill

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (/tsjeŋ/). Compare modern Mandarin ‎(jīng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

‎(-na inflection, hiragana せい, romaji sei)

  1. detailed, conscientious
  2. pure, refined
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana せい, romaji sei)

  1. polishing, refining
  2. care, conscientiousness
  3. something polished or refined, particularly polished white rice
  4. vim and vigor, energy in doing things
  5. life force, vitality, the energy of living
  6. one's emotions, mind, or soul
  7. the soul or spirit of a thing, particularly when appearing on its own; a fairy, a sprite
  8. semen
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しらげ
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Noun stem of verb 精げる ‎(shirageru, to polish, to refine), itself derived from ‎(shira, white, form used in compounds, usually shiro on its own) + ‎(gu, verbalizing suffix), originally just meaning to whiten something.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しらげ, romaji shirage)

  1. rice polishing, rice milling
  2. polished or milled rice
  3. excellence
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tinh, tênh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.