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U+76C8, 盈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76C8

[U+76C7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76C9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 108, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓尸月廿 (NSBT), four-corner 17107, composition)

  1. fill
  2. full, overflowing
  3. surplus
  4. (of the Moon) to wax

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 793, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22961
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1208, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2558, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+76C8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
2nd round simp. ⿱夃𠀃
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (exceed/augment) + (vessel) – to add too much (liquid) to a vessel.

Etymology[edit]

Compare Proto-Tibeto-Burman *(p/b)liŋ (full; fill), whence Chepang ब्‍लीङ्‌सा (bliŋ‑, to be full; fill), Burmese ပြည့် (prany., to be full), Burmese ဖြည့် (hprany., to add) (Schuessler, 2007, STEDT). An allofam is perhaps (OC *lɯŋs, “pregnant”), as well as (OC *diːn, *diːns, *tin, *tins, “to fill up”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • iâⁿ/ihⁿ - vernacular;
  • êng - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /iŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /iŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /iŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /iŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /iŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /iŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /iŋ²⁴/
    Xining /iə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /iŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ĩn³¹/
    Ürümqi /iŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /in²¹³/
    Chengdu /in³¹/
    Guiyang /in²¹/
    Kunming /ĩ¹/
    Nanjing /in²⁴/
    Hefei /in⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /iŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /ĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦiŋ²³/
    Suzhou /in⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ɦin²¹³/
    Wenzhou /jaŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /in⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /in¹³/
    Xiangtan /in¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /in⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /in¹¹/
    Taoyuan /in¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jeŋ²¹/
    Nanning /jeŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /jiŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iŋ³⁵/
    /iã³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ²¹/
    /ieiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ioŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zeŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jiᴇŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jiɛŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /iæŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jiajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /iɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭɛŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯ɛŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yíng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jing4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yíng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yeng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*leŋ/ (< *liŋ?)
    English fill

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15352
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*leŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to fill; to be full of; to be filled with
      車馬车马  ―  chēmǎyíngmén  ―  to have many guests (literally, “vehicles and horses fill the door”)
    2. to have a surplus; to have excess
        ―  yíng  ―  surplus
    3. (of a person's body, or handwriting) well-developed; full-grown; shapely; curvaceous; plump
        ―  fēngyíng  ―  full and round
    4. (obsolete) vigorous; exuberant
    5. (literary) to reach
    6. (literary) to increase
    7. (obsolete) proud; arrogant
    8. a surname

    Synonyms[edit]

    Antonyms[edit]

    • (to have a surplus): (literary, or in compounds) (kuī)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. fill
    2. surplus

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    えい
    Hyōgaiji
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC jiᴇŋ).

    The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (えい) (ei

    1. to be full; to be filled; (of moon) to wax

    Derived terms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (yeong) (hangeul , revised yeong, McCune–Reischauer yŏng, Yale yeng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: dềnh, doanh, giềng, diềng, riêng

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.