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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 141 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 卜土一一尸 (YGMMS), four-corner 21227, composition ⿰⿸)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1075, character 42
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32770
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1544, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2830, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+8667

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuei⁵⁵/
Harbin /kʰuei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kʰuei²¹/
Jinan /kʰuei²¹³/
Qingdao /kʰue²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kʰuei²⁴/
Xi'an /kʰuei²¹/
Xining /kʰuɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰuei⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kʰuei³¹/
Ürümqi /kʰuei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kʰuei⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kʰuei⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kʰuei⁵⁵/
Kunming /kʰuei⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kʰuəi³¹/
Hefei /kʰue²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuei¹¹/
Pingyao /kʰuei¹³/
Hohhot /kʰuei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰy⁵³/
/kʰue⁵³/
Suzhou /kʰue̞⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kʰui³³/
Wenzhou /kʰai³³/
Hui Shexian /kʰue³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰye¹¹/
/kʰue¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kʰuei³³/
Xiangtan /kʰuəi³³/
Gan Nanchang /kʰui⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kʰui⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kʰui²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰwɐi⁵³/
Nanning /kʰʷɐi⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kʰwɐi⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰui⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuoi⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰui³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xui²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiuᴇ/ /kʰwie̯/ /kʰiue/ /kʰʷiɛ/ /kʰwiə̆/ /kʰǐwe/ /kʰjuɛ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kuī ‹ khjwe › /*[k]ʷʰ(r)aj/ diminish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5278 1 /*kʰʷral/ 說文虍聲,觀聲母圓脣則於亦聲

Definitions[edit]

  1. lose, fail
  2. damage
  3. deficient

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyu) (hangeul , revised hyu, McCune-Reischauer hyu, Yale hyu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khuy, khuya, khuây)

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