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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(see)

Han character[edit]

(radical 147 +18, 25 strokes, cangjie input 廿土月山山 (TGBUU), four-corner 46210, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1138, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1605, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3677, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+89C0

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (觀), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古丸切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/ /kuɑn/ /kuɑn/ /kʷɑn/ /kwan/ /kuɑn/ /kuɑn/
Character (觀), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古玩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/ /kʷɑnH/ /kwanH/ /kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guān ‹ kwan › /*C.qʷˤar/ look (v.)
guàn ‹ kwanH › /*C.qʷˤar-s/ watchtower
guàn ‹ kwanH › /*C.qʷˤar-s/ 榮觀 imperial palace; walls and watchtowers

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4476 3 /*koːn/
4477 3 /*koːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. see, observe, view
  2. appearance
  3. 20th hexagram of the I Ching

Usage notes[edit]

The normal reading (referring to seeing, observing, or viewing) is guān. The reading guàn is used only for various ancient meanings related to Taoism.


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gwan)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gwan, McCune-Reischauer: kwan, Yale: kwan)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quan, quán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.