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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːn, *koːns): phonetic  ‎(OC *koːns) + semantic  ‎(see)

Han character[edit]

(radical 147 +18, 25 strokes, cangjie input 廿土月山山 (TGBUU), four-corner 46210, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1138, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1605, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3677, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+89C0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (62) (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑn/ /kuɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑn/ /kʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/ /kuɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwan/ /kwanH/
Li
Rong
/kuɑn/ /kuɑnH/
Wang
Li
/kuɑn/ /kuɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑn/ /kuɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guān guàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guān guàn guàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwan › ‹ kwanH › ‹ kwanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʷˤar/ /*C.qʷˤar-s/ /*C.qʷˤar-s/
English look (v.) watchtower 榮觀 imperial palace; walls and watchtowers

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4476 4477
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːn/ /*koːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. see, observe, view
  2. appearance
  3. 20th hexagram of the I Ching

Usage notes[edit]

The normal reading (referring to seeing, observing, or viewing) is guān. The reading guàn is used only for various ancient meanings related to Taoism.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gwan)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gwan, McCune-Reischauer: kwan, Yale: kwan)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quan, quán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.