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U+89C0, 觀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-89C0
覿
[U+89BF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+89C1]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 147 +18, 25 strokes, cangjie input 廿土月山山 (TGBUU), four-corner 46210, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1138, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1605, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3677, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+89C0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koːn, *koːns
*koːns
*koːns
*koːns
*koːns, *kroːns
*koːns, *qʰoːn
*koːns
*koːns
*koːns
*koːns
*qʰoːn
*qʰoːn
*qʰoːn
*qʰoːn
*qʰoːn
*qʰoːn, *qʰon
*qʰoːns
*ɡron
*ɡron
*ɡron
*ɡron
*kʰonʔ, *kʰons
*kʰons

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːn, *koːns): phonetic  (OC *koːns) + semantic  (see).

Etymology[edit]

“To watch; to observe” (Pronunciation 1) > “watchtower; platform; temple” (Pronunciation 2).

Schuessler (2007) connects it with (OC *ɡoː, “target”) and (OC *ɡoːs, “to watch; to be on the lookout for; to wait”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwan/
Li
Rong
/kuɑn/
Wang
Li
/kuɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʷˤar/
English look (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 4476
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to observe; to watch; to view; to see
  2. to observe closely; to scrutinise; to investigate
  3. to read; to peruse
  4. to display; to show
  5. to visit; to go sightseeing
  6. to play; to enjoy
  7. appearance; looks
  8. sight; view; perspective
  9. concept; outlook
  10. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“to look”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu 𧢭
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • koàn - literary;
  • kòaⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwanH/
Li
Rong
/kuɑnH/
Wang
Li
/kuɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʷˤar-s/
English watchtower

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4477
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) watchtower on either side of a palace gate
  2. (historical) platform; stage; dais; rostrum
  3. (Taoism) Taoist temple
  4. 20th hexagram of the I Ching
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. Kyūjitai spelling of (to see, observe; appearance)

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwan)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gwan, McCune-Reischauer: kwan, Yale: kwan)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. see, observe, view
  2. appearance

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quan, quán)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.