Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: , , and
U+89C0, 觀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-89C0
覿
[U+89BF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+89C1]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 147, +18, 25 strokes, cangjie input 廿土月山山 (TGBUU), four-corner 46210, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1138, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1605, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3677, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+89C0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koːn, *koːns
*koːns
*koːns
*koːns
*koːns, *kroːns
*koːns, *qʰoːn
*koːns
*koːns
*koːns
*koːns
*qʰoːn
*qʰoːn
*qʰoːn
*qʰoːn
*qʰoːn
*qʰoːn, *qʰon
*qʰoːns
*ɡron
*ɡron
*ɡron
*ɡron
*kʰonʔ, *kʰons
*kʰons

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːn, *koːns): phonetic  (OC *koːns) + semantic  (see).

Etymology[edit]

“To watch; to observe” (Pronunciation 1) > “watchtower; platform; temple” (Pronunciation 2).

Schuessler (2007) connects it with (OC *ɡoː, “target”) and (OC *ɡoːs, “to watch; to be on the lookout for; to wait”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • guang1 - Shantou;
  • guêng1 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwan/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.qʷˁar/
    English look (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 4476
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*koːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to observe; to watch; to view; to see
    2. to observe closely; to scrutinise; to investigate
    3. to read; to peruse
    4. to display; to show
    5. to visit; to go sightseeing
    6. to play; to enjoy
    7. appearance; looks
    8. sight; view; perspective
    9. concept; outlook
    10. A surname​.
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to look”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing , ,
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan , ,
    Chengdu , 𧢭
    Yangzhou ,
    Hefei ,
    Cantonese Guangzhou ,
    Hong Kong ,
    Taishan ,
    Yangjiang , ,
    Gan Nanchang ,
    Hakka Meixian ,
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan ,
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou ,
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Haikou
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou ,
    Wenzhou ,
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng ,

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Note:
    • koàn - literary;
    • kòaⁿ - vernacular.
    Note:
    • guang3 - Shantou;
    • guêng3 - Chaozhou.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.qʷˁar-s/
    English watchtower

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 4477
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*koːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (historical) watchtower on either side of a palace gate
    2. (historical) platform; stage; dais; rostrum
    3. (Taoism) Taoist temple
    4. 20th hexagram of the I Ching
    5. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of (to see, observe; appearance)

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): かん (kan)
    • Kun: みる (miru, 觀る)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (bol gwan))

    1. see, observe, view
    2. appearance

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (quan, quán)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.