觀音

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See also: 观音

Chinese[edit]

observing sound(s)
cry(/ies)
trad. (觀音)
simp. (观音)
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The statue of "Guanyin of the South China Sea" on Putuoshan Island off Zhejiang, China. Chinese Buddhism credits the location as her first appearance in China.

Etymology[edit]

“[One who] Observes Sounds”, in reference to the prayers and cries of sentient beings who need help, a calque of Sanskrit अवलोकितस्वर (avalokitasvara, literally down-observe-sound), the original form of अवलोकितेश्वर (avalokiteśvara, Avalokiteśvara), the bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all Buddhas.

Synonymous with 觀世音观世音 (Guānshìyīn, “One who Observes the Sounds of the World”), which interpreted the middle element of the Sanskrit compound as लोक (loka, world). The shorter form became more common during the Tang dynasty to avoid naming the taboo personal name of Emperor Taizong of Tang.

Compare Tibetan སྤྱན་རས་གཟིགས (spyan ras gzigs, literally one who looks down with an unwavering eye).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (28) (34)
Final () (62) (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑn/ /ʔˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑn/ /ʔᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/ /ʔiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwan/ /ʔjim/
Li
Rong
/kuɑn/ /ʔjəm/
Wang
Li
/kuɑn/ /ĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑn/ /ʔi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guān yīn

Proper noun[edit]

觀音

  1. (Buddhism) Guanyin (often with the clarifying title 菩薩)
  2. (, formerly ) Guanyin (a district of Taoyuan, Taiwan, formerly a rural township)
  3. () Guanyin (a town in Yunxi, Shiyan, Hubei, China)

Usage notes[edit]

Although Avalokiteśvara was reckoned a male figure and Guanyin was first depicted as a male in Chinese art, she is now almost always understood to be and referenced as a goddess or female boddhisattva.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (觀音):

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Hyōgaiji
おん > のん
Grade: 1

Proper noun[edit]

觀音 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 観音, hiragana かんのん, rōmaji Kannon)

  1. Kyūjitai form of 観音

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

觀音 (Gwaneum, McCune-Reischauer: Kwanŭm, Yale: Kwan.um) (hangeul 관음)

  1. Hanja form? of 관음 (Guanyin).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Proper noun[edit]

觀音

  1. Hán tự form of Quan Âm (Guanyin).