लोक

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See also: लंका

Awadhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit लोक (loka)

Noun[edit]

लोक (lok) (plural लोकन)

  1. world (countable)
    • Tulsidas, संकटमोचन हनुमानाष्टक
      तब तीनहुँ लोक भयो अँधियारो।
      tab tīnhũ lok bhayo ãdhiyāro.

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit लोक (loka). Doublet of लोग (log) and लोअ (loa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

लोक (lokm (Urdu spelling لوك)

  1. public
    हमारा नेता बड़ा धोखेबाज़ है, पर लोक द्वारा समर्थित है।
    hamārā netā baṛā dhokhebāz hai, par lok dvārā samarthit hai.
    Our leader is a cheat, but he is supported by the public.
  2. folk
    यह चावल गाँव लोक से आते हैं।
    yah cāval gā̃v lok se āte hain.
    This rice comes from the village folk.
  3. world
    मौत की समय पर, हर एक आदमी स्वर्ग-लोक पहुँचना चाहते हैं।
    maut kī samay par, har ek ādmī svarg-lok pahũcnā cāhte hain.
    Each and every person wants to go to the world of paradise (heaven) upon their death.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “लोक”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Konkani[edit]

Noun[edit]

लोक (lok) (Latin script lok, Kannada script ?)

  1. people

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit लोक (loka).

Noun[edit]

लोक (lokm pl

  1. people, folk

References[edit]

  • Maxine Berntsen (1982-1983), “लोक”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies
  • James Thomas Molesworth (1857), “लोक”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

लोक m

  1. Devanagari script form of loka

Rajbanshi[edit]

Noun[edit]

लोक (lok) (classifier , plural लोकला)

  1. man

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *lówkos (open space), from *lewk- (shine). Cognate with Latin lūcus (sacred grove) and Proto-Germanic *lauhaz (clearing).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /l̪ɐw.kɐ́/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈl̪oː.kɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    लोक (lokám

    1. free or open space
    2. world
    3. sight
    4. place

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine a-stem declension of लोक (loká)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative लोकः
    lokáḥ
    लोकौ
    lokaú
    लोकाः / लोकासः¹
    lokā́ḥ / lokā́saḥ¹
    Vocative लोक
    lóka
    लोकौ
    lókau
    लोकाः / लोकासः¹
    lókāḥ / lókāsaḥ¹
    Accusative लोकम्
    lokám
    लोकौ
    lokaú
    लोकान्
    lokā́n
    Instrumental लोकेन
    lokéna
    लोकाभ्याम्
    lokā́bhyām
    लोकैः / लोकेभिः¹
    lokaíḥ / lokébhiḥ¹
    Dative लोकाय
    lokā́ya
    लोकाभ्याम्
    lokā́bhyām
    लोकेभ्यः
    lokébhyaḥ
    Ablative लोकात्
    lokā́t
    लोकाभ्याम्
    lokā́bhyām
    लोकेभ्यः
    lokébhyaḥ
    Genitive लोकस्य
    lokásya
    लोकयोः
    lokáyoḥ
    लोकानाम्
    lokā́nām
    Locative लोके
    loké
    लोकयोः
    lokáyoḥ
    लोकेषु
    lokéṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Descendants[edit]