लोक

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See also: लंका

Awadhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit लोक (loká)

Noun[edit]

लोक (lok) (plural लोकन)

  1. world (countable)
    • Tulsidas, संकटमोचन हनुमानाष्टक :
      तब तीनहुँ लोक भयो अँधियारो।
      tab tīnhũ lok bhayo ãdhiyāro.

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit लोक (loká). Doublet of लोग (log) and लोअ (loa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

लोक (lokm (Urdu spelling لوك‎)

  1. public
    हमारा नेता बड़ा धोखेबाज़ है, पर लोक द्वारा समर्थित है।
    hamārā netā baṛā dhokhebāz hai, par lok dvārā samarthit hai.
    Our leader is a cheat, but he is supported by the public.
    Synonym: जन (jan)
  2. folk
    यह चावल गाँव लोक से आते हैं।
    yah cāval gā̃v lok se āte hain.
    This rice comes from the village folk.
    Synonym: लोग (log)
  3. world
    मौत के समय पर, हर एक आदमी स्वर्ग-लोक पहुँचना चाहते हैं।
    maut ke samay par, har ek ādmī svarg-lok pahũcnā cāhte hain.
    Each and every person wants to go to the world of paradise (heaven) upon their death.

Declension[edit]

Declension of लोक
Singular Plural
Direct लोक (lok) लोक (lok)
Oblique लोक (lok) लोकों (lokõ)
Vocative लोक (lok) लोको (loko)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “लोक”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Konkani[edit]

Noun[edit]

लोक (lok) (Latin script lok, Kannada script ?)

  1. people

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit लोक (loká).

Noun[edit]

लोक (lokm pl

  1. people, folk

References[edit]

  • Maxine Berntsen (1982-1983), “लोक”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies
  • James Thomas Molesworth (1857), “लोक”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

लोक m

  1. Devanagari script form of loka

Rajbanshi[edit]

Noun[edit]

लोक (lok) (classifier , plural लोकला)

  1. man

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *lawkás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *láwkas, from Proto-Indo-European *lówk-o-s, from *lewk- (shine). Cognate with Latin lūcus (sacred grove), Old English lēah (open field, meadow) (whence English lea).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

लोक (lokám (Vedic lauká)

  1. free or open space
  2. world
  3. sight
  4. place

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of लोक (loká)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative लोकः
lokáḥ
लोकौ
lokaú
लोकाः / लोकासः¹
lokā́ḥ / lokā́saḥ¹
Vocative लोक
lóka
लोकौ
lókau
लोकाः / लोकासः¹
lókāḥ / lókāsaḥ¹
Accusative लोकम्
lokám
लोकौ
lokaú
लोकान्
lokā́n
Instrumental लोकेन
lokéna
लोकाभ्याम्
lokā́bhyām
लोकैः / लोकेभिः¹
lokaíḥ / lokébhiḥ¹
Dative लोकाय
lokā́ya
लोकाभ्याम्
lokā́bhyām
लोकेभ्यः
lokébhyaḥ
Ablative लोकात्
lokā́t
लोकाभ्याम्
lokā́bhyām
लोकेभ्यः
lokébhyaḥ
Genitive लोकस्य
lokásya
लोकयोः
lokáyoḥ
लोकानाम्
lokā́nām
Locative लोके
loké
लोकयोः
lokáyoḥ
लोकेषु
lokéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]