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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
金-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (jīn) (when used as a left Chinese radical)
  • 𠊍 (old form)

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
金-oracle.svg 金-bronze.svg 金-bigseal.svg 金-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a bell (cast metal) with bumps.

Also simplified from in some characters, such as (from ).

Han character[edit]

Gold bullion 2.jpg

(radical 167 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 金 (C), four-corner 80109)

  1. gold (Au)
  2. metal or metals generally
  3. material wealth, such as money or precious gems
  4. the Jurchen Jin dynasty of medieval China

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1295, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40152
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1795, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4167, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+91D1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕin⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕin²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕiẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕin²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiẽ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kim⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kim²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐm⁵³/
Nanning /kɐm⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɐm⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kim⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /keiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kim³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kim²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɪm/ /ki̯əm/ /kiəm/ /kim/ /kim/ /kĭĕm/ /kjem/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jīn ‹ kim › /*k(r)[ə]m/ metal, bronze

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6679 1 /*krɯm/ 說文今聲,俞敏依金文非之

Noun[edit]

  1. (chemistry) gold, Au
    顏色黃銅相似 / 颜色黄铜相似  ―  Jīn de yánsè hé huángtóng hěn xiāngsì.  ―  Gold is similar in color to brass.
  2. metals
    /   ―  jīnshǔ  ―  metal
      ―  jīn  ―  alloy
  3. money
    /   ―  xiànjīn  ―  cash
    /   ―  jīn  ―  funds
    /   ―  jīnqián  ―  curency

Adjective[edit]

  1. golden
    /   ―  jīn  ―  blond
    獎勵一塊 / 奖励一块  ―  Tā bèi jiǎnglì le yīkuài jīn biǎo.  ―  He received a golden watch as a prize

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. Jurchen Jin dynasty (金朝 (Jīncháo)) (1115–1234)
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • (Mandarin) “金”, in MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT )[1] (in Mandarin/English), accessed 2014-03-17
  • (Min Nan) “Entry #4506”, in 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Min Nan), Ministry of Education, R.O.C., 2011.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Chemical element
Au Previous:  (はっ) (きん) ‎(hakkin) (Pt)
Next:  (すい) (ぎん) ‎(suigin) (Hg)
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(kane, kugane, kogane, kin): Synthetically produced crystalline gold.
(kane, kana, kin): Metal in general, such as metal sheeting.
(kane, kana, kin): Hot metal work from a blacksmith.
  1. gold
  2. metal

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かな
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears to be the older form of this word. In modern Japanese, only found at the start of compounds.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana かな, romaji kana-)

  1. metal
  2. money
  3. firmness, strength
  4. completely, entirely
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かね
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Appears to be a fusion of kana + Old Japanese emphatic nominal particle (​i). Compare the development of modern kami from kamu + i at , te from ta + i at , me from ma + i at .

/kana/ + /i//*kanai//kane/

The four kanji spellings of this term, (“gold”), ‎(silver), ‎(copper), and ‎(iron), hint at the importance of each of these four metals in ancient Japan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かね, romaji kane)

  1. money
    お金 (​okane)
  2. metal
Usage notes[edit]

The spelling is the most common for this term.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
くがね
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(ku, yellow) +‎ ‎(kane, metal). The ku is a variation of regular kun'yomi of ki for the character.[3] The kane changes to gane due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くがね, romaji kugane)

  1. (archaic) gold

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
こがね
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/kugane//kogane/

Alteration of kugane[3], possibly influenced by metaphor from 小金 ‎(kogane, a small amount of money), or by the kan'on reading of for the character.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana こがね, romaji kogane)

  1. gold
  2. gold or metal currency: coins, such as 大判 ‎(ōban) or 小判 ‎(koban)
  3. short for 黄金色 ‎(kogane iro, gold, the color)
  4. short for 黄金の泥 ‎(kogane no dei, golden mud, gold dust suspended in an emulsion and used for painting or other decoration)
    金泥 (​kondei)
See also[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
きん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(/kim/). Compare modern Mandarin ‎(jīn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きん, romaji kin)

  1. gold (Au)
  2. money
     (きん)一封 (いっぷう)をもらった。
    Kin ippū o moratta.
    I received a gift of money.
  3. metal
  4. (shogi) short for 金将 ‎(kinsho, the gold general, a shogi piece)
  5. one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine: see the "Wu Xing" entry on Wikipedia
Usage notes[edit]

Often found in compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gim, geum)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: gim, geum, McCune-Reischauer: kim, kŭm, Yale: kim, kum)
  • Name (hangeul): ,  (revised: seong, soe, McCune-Reischauer: sŏng, soe, Yale: seng, soy)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Noun[edit]

‎(geum) ‎(hangeul )

  1. gold
  2. (as an abbreviation) Friday

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(Gim) ‎(hangeul )

  1. A surname​.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kim, ghim, găm)

  1. Ancient word for brass
  2. gold (Au)
  3. money, currency
  4. The color yellow
  5. The Kim (Jin) dynasty (1115 - 1234)
  6. A surname