Venus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: venus, Venüs, Vénus, and Vênus

Translingual[edit]

The Birth of Venus

Etymology[edit]

Latin, after Venus (goddess of beauty, love, sexual intercourse). See images.

Proper noun[edit]

Venus f

  1. A taxonomic genus within the family Veneridae – the true venus clams.

Hypernyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

References[edit]


English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Venus planetary symbol

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English Venus, from Latin Venus, from Proto-Italic *wenos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus

  1. (astronomy) The second planet in our solar system, named for the goddess; represented in astronomy and astrology by .
    • The Illustrated London Almanack 1867, London, page 45:
      Venus rises on the 1st day 1/4 to 5 a.m., and 4h. 25m. a.m. on the last day. [...] She is now beginning to move northward. [...]
  2. (Roman mythology) The goddess of love, beauty, and natural productivity; the Roman counterpart of Aphrodite.
  3. A female given name
  4. (obsolete) Sexual activity or intercourse; sex, lust, venery.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:
      , II.ii.2:
      Immoderate Venus in excess, as it is a cause, or in defect; so, moderately used, to some parties an only help, a present remedy.
  5. (poetry) Love; sex.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (astronomy, astrology):

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Solar System in English · Solar System (layout · text)
Star Sun
Planets and
most likely
dwarf planets
Mercury Venus Earth Mars Ceres Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto
Notable
moons
Moon Phobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganymede
Callisto
Mimas
Enceladus
Tethys
Dione
Rhea
Titan
Iapetus

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Titania
Oberon
Triton Charon
Styx
Nix
Kerberos
Hydra

Noun[edit]

Venus (uncountable)

  1. (historical, alchemy, chemistry) copper: A reddish-brown, malleable, ductile metallic element with high electrical and thermal conductivity, symbol Cu, and atomic number 29.
    • 1807, A New and Complete Encyclopaedia; or, Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: Vol III[1], page 48:
      CRYSTALS of Venus or of copper, called also vitriol of Venus, is copper reduced into the form of vitriol by spirit of nitre, or by dissolving verdegris in good distilled vinegar, till the acid be saturated; it is very caustic and used to eat off proud flesh. It is also used by painters, and manufacturers, and sold under the name of distilled vinegar. See CHEMISTRY.
      2004, Maurice P. Crosland, Historical Studies in the Language of Chemistry[2], page 89:
      Another pair of terms which caused some confusion were Spirit of Saturn and Spirit of Venus, names suggesting compounds of lead and copper respectively. Jean Beguin described the preparation from minium and distilled vinegar of a liquid he called burning spirit of Saturn, e cause it was inflammable and he thought it was a compound of lead. Actually the lead takes no part in the reaction and the product of distilling lead acetate is impure acetone. Beguin’s terminology did not go without comment however, for Christopher Glaser later referred to ‘A burning Spirit of Saturn (as it is called) but rather, a Spirit of the Volatile Salt of Vinegar’. Tachenius referred to the product of distillation of copper acetate as ‘pretended spirit of Venus’ because it was really only distilled vinegar - the meaning which Macquer gave to the expression. It is typical of the confusion of terminology in early chemistry that the London Pharmacopoeia of 1721 gave the name Spiritus Veneris to sulphuric acid obtained by the distillation of copper sulphate.
      2013, John Read, From Alchemy to Chemistry[3]:
      The association of the heavenly bodies with known metals and also with human organs and destinies goes back to ancient Chaldea, the land of astrologers. In Chaucer’s words: ‘The seven bodies eek, lo hear anon. Sol gold is, and Luna silver we declare; Mars yron, Mercurie is quyksilver; Saturnian leed; and Jubitur is tyn, and Venus coper, by my fathers kyn.’ […] Corresponding names were bestowed upon salts of these metals by the alchemists, and some of them have persisted down to the present day. Some examples are lunar caustic (silver nitrate); vitriol of Venus (copper sulphate); sugar of Saturn (lead acetate); and vitriol of Mars, or Martial vitriol (ferrous sulphate).

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch Venus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: Ve‧nus

Proper noun[edit]

Venus

  1. (astronomy) Venus
  2. (Roman mythology) Venus

See also[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbenus/, [ˈbe.nus]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus f

  1. Venus (planet)

Catalan[edit]

Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus f

  1. Venus (planet)
  2. Venus (Roman goddess)

See also[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English Venus, from Latin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus

  1. the second planet in our solar system after Mercury
  2. (Roman mythology) the goddess of love, beauty, and natural productivity;
  3. a female given name from Latin.

Danish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus

  1. Venus (planet)

See also[edit]

(planets of the solar system) planeter i solsystemet; Merkur,‎ Venus,‎ Jorden/‎jorden,‎ Mars,‎ Jupiter,‎ Saturn,‎ Uranus,‎ Neptun [edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus f

  1. Venus (planet)

Estonian[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus

  1. Venus (Roman goddess)

Faroese[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus f

  1. Venus (planet)

See also[edit]

Solar System in Faroese · Sólskipanin (layout · text)
Star Sólin
Planets and
most likely
dwarf planets
Merkur Venus Jørðin Mars [Term?] Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptun Pluto
Notable
moons
Mánin Phobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganymedes
Callisto
[Term?]
[Term?]
[Term?]
[Term?]
[Term?]
Titan
[Term?]

[Term?]
[Term?]
[Term?]
[Term?]
[Term?]
Triton Charon
[Term?]
[Term?]
[Term?]
[Term?]

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋe(ː)nus/, [ˈʋe̞(ː)nus̠]
  • Rhymes: -enus
  • Syllabification: ve‧nus

Proper noun[edit]

Venus

  1. Venus (planet)
  2. Venus (Roman goddess)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of Venus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative Venus
genitive Venuksen
partitive Venusta
illative Venukseen
singular plural
nominative Venus
accusative nom. Venus
gen. Venuksen
genitive Venuksen
partitive Venusta
inessive Venuksessa
elative Venuksesta
illative Venukseen
adessive Venuksella
ablative Venukselta
allative Venukselle
essive Venuksena
translative Venukseksi
instructive
abessive Venuksetta
comitative
Possessive forms of Venus (type vastaus)
possessor singular plural
1st person Venukseni Venuksemme
2nd person Venuksesi Venuksenne
3rd person Venuksensa

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Solar System in Finnish · Aurinkokunta (layout · text)
Star Aurinko
Planets and
most likely
dwarf planets
Merkurius Venus Maa (Tellus) Mars Ceres Jupiter Saturnus Uranus Neptunus Pluto
Notable
moons
Kuu Phobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganymedes
Kallisto
Mimas
Enceladus
Tethys
Dione
Rhea
Titan
Japetus

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Titania
Oberon
Triton Kharon
Styx
Nix
Kerberos
Hydra

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Galician Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia gl

Proper noun[edit]

Venus f

  1. Venus (planet)
  2. Venus (Roman goddess)

See also[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin Venus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈveːnʊs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Ve‧nus

Proper noun[edit]

Venus f (proper noun, genitive Venus)

  1. (astronomy) Venus
  2. (Roman mythology) Venus

Derived terms[edit]

(planet):

Noun[edit]

Venus f (genitive Venus, no plural)

  1. (figuratively) very beautiful woman

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Venus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus f

  1. Venus (planet)
  2. Venus (Roman goddess)
  3. A female given name

See also[edit]

Solar System in Icelandic · Sólkerfið (layout · text)
Star Sólin
Planets and
most likely
dwarf planets
Merkúr Venus Jörðin Mars Seres Júpíter Satúrnus Úranus Neptúnus Plútó
Notable
moons
Tunglið Fóbos
Deimos
Íó
Evrópa
Ganýmedes
Kallistó
Mímas
Enkeladus
Teþis
Díóne
Rea
Títan
Japetus

Míranda
Aríel
Úmbríel
Títanía
Óberon
Tríton [Term?]
[Term?]
[Term?]
[Term?]
[Term?]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *wenos (love), from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (to wish, love). See also Latin veneror, venia, Sanskrit वनस् (vánas, loveliness, desire), English wish.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus f (genitive Veneris); third declension

  1. Venus, Roman goddess of natural productivity.
  2. Venus, the second planet in our solar system.

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Venus Venerēs
Genitive Veneris Venerum
Dative Venerī Veneribus
Accusative Venerem Venerēs
Ablative Venere Veneribus
Vocative Venus Venerēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: Venus
  • French: Vénus
  • Italian: Venere
  • Portuguese: Vénus, Vênus
  • Spanish: Venus

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Venus, from Proto-Italic *wenos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus

  1. The Roman goddess governing love and sexuality; Venus.
  2. The planet closely associated with the evening: Venus.
    Synonyms: Vesper, even sterne, even sterre, eventide sterre, morwe sterre, morwetide sterre

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Northern Sami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Norwegian Venus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Proper noun[edit]

Venus

  1. Venus (planet)

Inflection[edit]

Odd, no gradation
Nominative Venus
Genitive Venusa
Singular Plural
Nominative Venus Venusat
Accusative Venusa Venusiid
Genitive Venusa Venusiid
Illative Venusii Venusiidda
Locative Venusis Venusiin
Comitative Venusiin Venusiiguin
Essive Venusin
Possessive forms
Singular Dual Plural
1st person Venusan Venuseamẹ Venuseamẹt
2nd person Venusat Venuseattẹ Venuseattẹt
3rd person Venusis Venuseaskkạ Venuseasẹt

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[4], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Norwegian[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus

  1. Venus (planet)
  2. Venus (Roman goddess)

See also[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French Vénus, from Latin Venus.

Proper noun[edit]

Venus f

  1. Venus (planet)
  2. Venus (Roman goddess)
  3. A locality in Mangalia, Constanța, Romania

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbenus/, [ˈbe.nus]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus f

  1. Venus (planet)
  2. (Roman mythology) Venus (Roman goddess)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus c (genitive Venus)

  1. Venus (planet)
  2. Venus (Roman goddess)

Anagrams[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English Venus, from Latin Venus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbenus/, [ˈbenʊs]

Proper noun[edit]

Venus

  1. A female given name from English