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South-Eastern European country
- Appendix:Place names in Romania
- (countries of Europe) country of Europe; Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Vatican City
- Appendix:Countries of the world
From Latin [Term?].
- (academic, historical, linguistics) The Latin or Romance-speaking areas of Europe, collectively.
- (historical) The Byzantine Empire or its former territories.
- 1973, Arnold Joseph Toynbee, Constantine Porphyrogenitus and his world, page 682:
- There is a significant coincidence of dates between several events: the splitting of the Paulician community in Rhomania in consequence of Séryios’s innovations; the breach between Séryios’s partisans and the East Roman Imperial Government, […]
- 1988, Donald M. Nicol, Byzantium and Venice: A Study in Diplomatic and Cultural Relations, page 208:
- The Doge of Venice was honored with his full title of dominator of one-quarter and one-eighth of the whole Empire of Romania; and he was promised repossession of all the rights and properties that his people had held in Constantinople in the years of the Latin occupation.
- 1989, Ferenc Makk, The Árpáds and the Comneni: political relations between Hungary and Byzantium in the 12th century, page 110:
- In this letter the basileus informed the Pope that Béla III had attacked Serbia, since he was not content with his own country, “which he acquired with difficulties and with the help of the armies and the money of Rhomania [i.e. Byzantium]”.
- 1989, David Jacoby, “From Byzantium to Latin Romania: Continuity and Change” in Latins and Greeks in the Eastern Mediterranean After 1204, page 1:
- The Fourth Crusade ended in 1204 with the Western or Latin conquest of Constantinople and signalled the beginning of a new era in the history of the Byzantine lands or Romania.
- 1999, Rustam Shukurov, “Turkoman and Byzantine Self-Identity: Some reflections on the Logic of the Title-Making in Twelfth- and Thirteenth-Century Anatolia” in Eastern Approaches to Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-Third Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies:
- If the Constantinopolitan Byzantines regarded the Anatolian Turkic territories as lands temporarily lost from their indivisible universal Rhomania, the Turkoman rulers of the twelfth century considered Rhomania as being factually divided between several rulers.
- 2001, David Jacoby, “Changing Economic Patterns in Latin Romania: The Impact of the West” in The Crusades from the Perspective of Byzantium and the Muslim World, page 197:
- The dramatic fall of Constantinople in 1204 and the Latin conquest of the Empire’s provinces in the following decade resulted in the dismemberment of Romania.
- 2013, Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini (Pope Pius II), trans. Robert Brown, Europe (c.1400-1458), page 69:
- Next to them, the maritime region extending south to the Hellespont is Romania—a Greek nation, though it was once barbarian, and it is returning to barbarism in our own time, now that the empire of the Greeks has been destroyed and the Turks hold sway. The capital city of this country [Thrace] is Byzantium, formerly called Agios.
- (Balearic) IPA(key): /ro.məˈni.ə/
- (Central) IPA(key): /ru.məˈni.ə/
- (Valencian) IPA(key): /ro.maˈni.a/
|Inflection of Romania (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)|
|Possessive forms of Romania (type kulkija)|
- Roumanie (nation)
First-declension noun, singular only.