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See also: ruotsi and Rootsi


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From archaic ruotsi (Swede), borrowed from Old Swedish *roþs- (related to rowing) (compare modern Swedish ro (to row)); related to Old Norse Roþrslandi (the land of rowing), older name of Roslagen from where much of the Swedish-speaking population on the west coast of Finland originates. Ultimately from roðr (steering oar), from Proto-Germanic *rōþrą (rudder), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁reh₁- (to row).[1]

Finnic cognates include Estonian Rootsi, Livvi Ruočči ((Lutheran) Finland), Veps Ročinma and Võro Roodsi. Old East Slavic Русь (Rusĭ) (whence Byzantine Greek Ρωσσία (Rōssía)), the original form of the endonym of Russians that originally referred to a tribe of Varangians, is likely borrowed from Finnic, but is ultimately from the same Germanic source (compare the etymology section of ryssä ((derogatory) Russian), from Swedish ryss, from the aforementioned Slavic word). Samic words, such as Northern Sami Ruoŧŧa, are borrowings from Finnic.


  • IPA(key): /ˈruo̯tsi/, [ˈruo̞̯ts̠i]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uotsi
  • Syllabification: Ruot‧si

Proper noun[edit]


  1. Sweden


Inflection of Ruotsi (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative Ruotsi
genitive Ruotsin
partitive Ruotsia
illative Ruotsiin
singular plural
nominative Ruotsi
accusative nom. Ruotsi
gen. Ruotsin
genitive Ruotsin
partitive Ruotsia
inessive Ruotsissa
elative Ruotsista
illative Ruotsiin
adessive Ruotsilla
ablative Ruotsilta
allative Ruotsille
essive Ruotsina
translative Ruotsiksi
abessive Ruotsitta
Possessive forms of Ruotsi (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person Ruotsini Ruotsimme
2nd person Ruotsisi Ruotsinne
3rd person Ruotsinsa

Derived terms[edit]



  • Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN


  1. ^ Room, Adrian, Place Names of the World, 2nd ed., McFarland & Co., 2006.