rumen

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin rūmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rumen (plural rumina or rumens)

  1. The first compartment of the stomach of a cow or other ruminants.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin rūmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʁy.mɛn/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

rumen m (plural rumens)

  1. rumen (stomach)

Further reading[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rumen

  1. Romanian

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Somewhat disputed. Probably from the root of *rūgō +‎ -men, attested in ērūgō, rūctō (I belch) and rugiō (I roar, rumble, bray), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewg-, *h₁rewǵ- (to belch).[1] Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐρεύγομαι (ereúgomai, I spew out, discharge, belch, bellow), Old Armenian ործամ (orcam, I vomit, am nauseated), Proto-Germanic *reukaną (to smoke, emit vapor) (modern English reek).
Alternatively from Proto-Indo-European *sréwmn̥, from the root *srew- (to flow). See also fluō and flūmen, sometimes hypothesized as from the same source. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rūmen n (genitive rūminis); third declension

  1. throat, gullet
  2. (anatomy) rumen (first stomach of a ruminant)

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rūmen rūmina
Genitive rūminis rūminum
Dative rūminī rūminibus
Accusative rūmen rūmina
Ablative rūmine rūminibus
Vocative rūmen rūmina

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: rumen
  • English: rumen
  • Mozarabic:
    Arabic: رُّمَانْ(rumen)
    Hebrew: רּומאֵן(rumen)

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “-rūgō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 529
  • rumen in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rumen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • rumen in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rumen m (definite singular rumenen, indefinite plural rumenar, definite plural rumenane)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 2012; superseded by rumenar

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French rumen.

Noun[edit]

rumen n (plural rumene)

  1. rumen

Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ruměnъ (ruddy). Compare Bulgarian румен (rumen), Serbo-Croatian rumen.

Adjective[edit]

rumen m or n (feminine singular rumenă, masculine plural rumeni, feminine and neuter plural rumene)

  1. ruddy

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ruměnъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rǔmen/
  • Hyphenation: ru‧men

Adjective[edit]

rùmen (definite rùmenī, comparative rumeniji, Cyrillic spelling ру̀мен)

  1. rosy, ruddy, pink
  2. reddish, red
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Nominalized from the previous sense.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rûmeːn/
  • Hyphenation: ru‧men

Noun[edit]

rȕmēn f (Cyrillic spelling ру̏ме̄н)

  1. (uncountable) rosiness
Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Serbo-Croatian · boje / боје (layout · text)
     bijel, beo
бијел, бео
     siv, sinji
сив, сињи
     crn
црн
             crven, rumen
црвен, румен
             narandžast, narančast
наранџаст, наранчаст; smeđ, braon
смеђ, браон
             žut
жут; žut
жут
             zelen
зелен
             zelen
зелен
            
             tirkizan (cijan)
тиркизан (цијан); tirkizan
тиркизан
             plav
плав
             modar
модар
             ljubičast
љубичаст; modar (indigo)
модар (индиго)
             ljubičast (magenta)
љубичаст (магента); ljubičast
љубичаст
             ružičast, roza
ружичаст, роза

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rumȅn (comparative bȍlj rumȅn, superlative nȁjbolj rumȅn)

  1. yellow

Inflection[edit]

Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. rumèn rumêna rumêno
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative rumèn ind
rumêni def
rumêna rumêno
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
rumêno rumêno
genitive rumênega rumêne rumênega
dative rumênemu rumêni rumênemu
locative rumênem rumêni rumênem
instrumental rumênim rumêno rumênim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative rumêna rumêni rumêni
accusative rumêna rumêni rumêni
genitive rumênih rumênih rumênih
dative rumênima rumênima rumênima
locative rumênih rumênih rumênih
instrumental rumênima rumênima rumênima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative rumêni rumêne rumêna
accusative rumêne rumêne rumêna
genitive rumênih rumênih rumênih
dative rumênim rumênim rumênim
locative rumênih rumênih rumênih
instrumental rumênimi rumênimi rumênimi

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Slovene · barve (layout · text)
     bela      siva      črna
             rdeča; škrlatna              oranžna; rjava              rumena; krem
             svetlozelena, limeta              zelena             
             sinja, cian; turkizna              azurna              modra
             vijolična; indigo              magenta, fuksija; vijolična, lila              roza, rožnata

Further reading[edit]

  • rumen”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

rumen m (plural rúmenes)

  1. rumen

See also[edit]