rugio

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Ancient Greek ἐρεύγομαι ‎(ereúgomai, belch), ὀρῠμαγδός ‎(orumagdós, noise), ὠρῡγή ‎(ōrūgḗ, noise, roaring).[1] Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₁reug-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rūgiō ‎(present infinitive rūgīre, perfect active rūgīvī, supine rūgītus); fourth conjugation

  1. (intransitive) I roar, bellow; rumble.
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Ieremias.2.15
      super eum rugierunt leones et dederunt vocem suam posuerunt terram eius in solitudinem civitates eius exustae sunt et non est qui habitet in eis
      The young lions have roared on him, and yelled; and they have made his land waste: his cities are burned up, without inhabitant.
  2. (intransitive) I bray.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of rugio (fourth conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rūgiō rūgīs rūgit rūgīmus rūgītis rūgiunt
imperfect rūgiēbam rūgiēbās rūgiēbat rūgiēbāmus rūgiēbātis rūgiēbant
future rūgiam rūgiēs rūgiet rūgiēmus rūgiētis rūgient
perfect rūgīvī rūgīvistī rūgīvit rūgīvimus rūgīvistis rūgīvērunt, rūgīvēre
pluperfect rūgīveram rūgīverās rūgīverat rūgīverāmus rūgīverātis rūgīverant
future perfect rūgīverō rūgīveris rūgīverit rūgīverimus rūgīveritis rūgīverint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rūgiam rūgiās rūgiat rūgiāmus rūgiātis rūgiant
imperfect rūgīrem rūgīrēs rūgīret rūgīrēmus rūgīrētis rūgīrent
perfect rūgīverim rūgīverīs rūgīverit rūgīverīmus rūgīverītis rūgīverint
pluperfect rūgīvissem rūgīvissēs rūgīvisset rūgīvissēmus rūgīvissētis rūgīvissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rūgī rūgīte
future rūgītō rūgītō rūgītōte rūgiuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives rūgīre rūgīvisse rūgītūrus esse
participles rūgiēns rūgītūrus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
rūgīre rūgiendī rūgiendō rūgiendum rūgītum rūgītū

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
  • rugio” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.