ruma

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See also: Ruma, rúma, and rūma

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrumɑ/
  • Rhymes: -umɑ
  • Hyphenation: ru‧ma

Adjective[edit]

ruma ‎(comparative rumempi, superlative rumin)

  1. ugly (displeasing to the eye or ear)
  2. ugly, dirty (offensive to one's sensibilities or morality)
    Hän teki meille ruman tempun.
    He played a dirty trick on us.
  3. dirty (of a word or language in general: something considered vulgar)
    ruma sana
    dirty word

Declension[edit]

Inflection of ruma (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative ruma rumat
genitive ruman rumien
partitive rumaa rumia
illative rumaan rumiin
singular plural
nominative ruma rumat
accusative nom. ruma rumat
gen. ruman
genitive ruman rumien
rumainrare
partitive rumaa rumia
inessive rumassa rumissa
elative rumasta rumista
illative rumaan rumiin
adessive rumalla rumilla
ablative rumalta rumilta
allative rumalle rumille
essive rumana rumina
translative rumaksi rumiksi
instructive rumin
abessive rumatta rumitta
comitative rumine

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Hiri Motu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ʀumaq, from Proto-Austronesian *ʀumaq.

Noun[edit]

ruma

  1. house (abode)

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly from Etruscan [Term?].

Noun[edit]

rūma f ‎(genitive rūmae); first declension

  1. (anatomy) udder

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative rūma rūmae
genitive rūmae rūmārum
dative rūmae rūmīs
accusative rūmam rūmās
ablative rūmā rūmīs
vocative rūma rūmae

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

The same of rūmen.

Noun[edit]

rūma f ‎(genitive rūmae); first declension

  1. (anatomy) rumen
  2. stomach, belly

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative rūma rūmae
genitive rūmae rūmārum
dative rūmae rūmīs
accusative rūmam rūmās
ablative rūmā rūmīs
vocative rūma rūmae

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ruma

  1. genitive singular of rum
  2. nominative dual of rum
  3. accusative dual of rum

Muduapa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ʀumaq, from Proto-Austronesian *ʀumaq.

Noun[edit]

ruma

  1. house (abode)

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

ruma

  1. Third-person singular (ele, ela, also used with tu and você?) present indicative of rumar
  2. Second-person singular (tu) affirmative imperative of rumar

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Related to Finnish ruma.

Adjective[edit]

ruma

  1. ugly
  2. coarse, rough

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of ruma
nominative sing. ruma
genitive sing. ruman
partitive sing. rumad
partitive plur. rumid
singular plural
nominative ruma rumad
accusative ruman rumad
genitive ruman rumiden
partitive rumad rumid
essive-instructive ruman rumin
translative rumaks rumikš
inessive rumas rumiš
elative rumaspäi rumišpäi
illative  ? rumihe
adessive rumal rumil
ablative rumalpäi rumilpäi
allative rumale rumile
abessive rumata rumita
comitative rumanke rumidenke
prolative rumadme rumidme
approximative I rumanno rumidenno
approximative II rumannoks rumidennoks
egressive rumannopäi rumidennopäi
terminative I  ? rumihesai
terminative II rumalesai rumilesai
terminative III rumassai
additive I  ? rumihepäi
additive II rumalepäi rumilepäi

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “грубый, некрасивый”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika