Roma

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: roma, Róma, romà, romã, Rōma, and Rô-ma

English[edit]

A Roma girl in Serbia.

Etymology 1[edit]

Related to Rom, from Romani rom, probably ultimately from Sanskrit डोम (ḍoma, member of travelling musicians and dancers in Kashmir).[1] The names of the Lom and Dom are related. Folk etymology pointed to a legend that the ethnic group were an exiled people from Imperial times.

The other major categories of words for the Roma are cognates of Gypsy (words related to Egypt) and cognates of tzigane (words derived from Greek); see those entries for more information.

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. A nomadic people with origins in India, the Romani.
  2. A subgroup of the Romani people found primary in Eastern Europe.
  3. A variety of the Romani language (or occasionally) the Romani macrolanguage.
Translations[edit]
  • For: translations which are exonyms (not cognates of the Romani term for themselves), see Gypsy.

Noun[edit]

Roma (plural Romas)

  1. A Romani; a member of the Roma/Romani people.
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Roma (not comparable)

  1. Romani: of or pertaining to the Roma people.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See e.g. Matras, Romani, A linguistic Introduction (2005)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin and Italian Roma (Rome). Doublet of Rome.

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. Any of a number of places, including a city in Texas and a city in Queensland.
  2. A female given name from Latin of English-speakers.
  3. Alternative form of Rome

Noun[edit]

Roma (plural Romas)

  1. A variety of tomato.

Etymology 3[edit]

Compare Indonesian Bahasa Romang (Roma language). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. An Austronesian language of Indonesia.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Catalan[edit]

Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Rōma.

Proper noun[edit]

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Related terms[edit]


Central Nahuatl[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Franco-Provençal[edit]

Franco-Provençal Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia frp

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Galician[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Related terms[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈroːma/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

Roma

  1. plural of Rom

Hawaiian[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. Romans (book of the Bible)

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Rōma.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈro.ma/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Ró‧ma

Proper noun[edit]

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)
  2. Rome (a former province of Lazio, Italy)
  3. The letter R in the Italian spelling alphabet

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: ローマ (Rōma) (perhaps via Portuguese Roma)

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

There are some theories:

  • Roman mythology derived the name from Rōmulus, name of the legendary founder and first king.
  • The word may derive from "Rumon" or "Rumen", an archaic name for the Tiber river related to the Indo-European root Proto-Indo-European *srew- (to flow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Rōma f sg (genitive Rōmae); first declension

  1. Rome (the ancient capital of the Roman Empire; capital city of modern-day Italy)
    Ut Roma iugum omnibus terris imponeret.
    That Rome might overcome all countries.
    Venit Roma.
    He came from Rome.
  2. The Roman Empire per se (as a synecdoche).
  3. (Late Latin) Rome and/or Constantinople (the latter as "Nova Roma").
  4. (Ecclesiastical Latin, poetic) The Roman Catholic Church in general.

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun, with locative, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Rōma
Genitive Rōmae
Dative Rōmae
Accusative Rōmam
Ablative Rōmā
Vocative Rōma
Locative Rōmae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Borrowings
  • Ancient Greek: Ῥώμη (Rhṓmē) (see there for further descendants)
  • Arabic: روما(rūmā)
  • Proto-Germanic: *Rūmō (see there for further descendants)
  • Mishnaic Hebrew: רומא
    • Modern Israeli Hebrew: רומא(róma)
  • Old Irish: Róm (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  • Roma in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Roma in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Anagrams[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Rōma (Rome).

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Lithuanian[edit]

Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lt

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Rōma (Rome).

Proper noun[edit]

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Declension[edit]


Maranao[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. Rome

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian and Latin Roma.

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Italian and Latin Roma.

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Occitan[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Related terms[edit]


Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Rōma (Rome).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. Rome (the ancient capital of the Roman Empire; capital city of the Papal States, in modern-day Italy)

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Rōma. Compare Old Portuguese Roma.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Roma f

  1. Rome
    • c. 1200, Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 79r.
      Sant peẏdro fo ṕdicar en roma. e por occaſió de ſimó magus el encantador. nero el enp̲ador fizolo meter en .+. dela cabeça aẏuſo e delos pies aſuſo.
      Saint Peter went to Rome to preach, and because of Simon Magus the sorcerer Nero the emperor had him put on a cross with his head down and his feet up.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese Roma, from Latin Rōma (Rome).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)
  2. Rome, Ancient Rome (an ancient civilisation centred in Rome)
    Synonym: Roma Antiga
  3. the Catholic Church (Christian church centred in the Vatican)
    Synonyms: Santa Sé, Vaticano, Igreja Católica

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin Rōma.

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Related terms[edit]


Sicilian[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Old Spanish Roma, from Latin Rōma.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian and Latin Roma.

Proper noun[edit]

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Declension[edit]