roman

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: róman, román, român, Roman, and Rómán

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: rōmən, IPA(key): /ˈɹəʊmən/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧man

Adjective[edit]

roman (not comparable)

  1. (of type, typography) upright, as opposed to italic
    Antonyms: italic, italicised, italicized, oblique, slanted, sloped
  2. (of text, computing) of or related to the Latin alphabet

Noun[edit]

roman (uncountable)

  1. (typography) One of the main three types used for the Latin alphabet (the others being italics and blackletter), in which the ascenders are mostly straight.
  2. (archaic) A novel.
    • 2014, "Novel and Romance: Etymologies". Heyworth, Gregory; Logan, Peter Melville (ed.). Encyclopedia of the Novel, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, p. 942. →ISBN
      Samuel Johnson, writing in his Dictionary of the English Language (1755), [defined] "novel [as] a small tale, generally of love." To modern sensibilities, Johnson's novel resembles more closely the novella in dimension and the romance in substance. [...] [T]he term romance, or roman, once interchangeable with novel in English, retains the meaning of novel in Germany, France, Russia, and most of Europe, while in the anglophone world it has been demoted to frivolity.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.svg Roman type on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Likely from Russian рома́н (román), ultimately from French roman.

Noun[edit]

roman

  1. A novel.

Declension[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

roman

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of romandre
  2. second-person singular imperative form of romandre

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

roman

  1. A novel, epic
  2. The Romanian language.
    Synonyms: rоmen, rumın

Declension[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

roman c (singular definite romanen, plural indefinite romaner)

  1. A novel (work of fiction).

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French roman.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /roːˈmɑn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ro‧man

Noun[edit]

roman m (plural romans, diminutive romannetje n)

  1. A novel (work of fiction)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: roman
  • Malay: roman

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

In the 19th century, borrowed from Latin romanus.[1] or from the French noun below [2], originally from Old French romanz (common language).

Adjective[edit]

roman (feminine singular romane, masculine plural romans, feminine plural romanes)

  1. (linguistics) Romance
  2. (art) romanesque

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French romanz (common language (as opposed to Latin)), from Vulgar Latin romanicē (in the way of the Romans (as opposed to the Franks)), from Latin rōmānicus < rōmānus.[3]. The meaning “common language” changed into “book in common language” and then into “adventure novel”.[1] See also romance, of the same ultimate origin but borrowed through Spanish.

Noun[edit]

roman m (plural romans)

  1. A novel (work of fiction).
  2. (colloquial) A very long text. (see pavé)
    Il nous écrit un roman encore.
    He's writing us a novel again.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

All are borrowed.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Picoche, Jacqueline; Jean-Claude Rolland (2009) , “Annexe IV, roman”, in Dictionnaire étymologique du français (in French), Paris: Dictionnaires Le Robert
  2. ^ roman” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
  3. ^ Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964) , “roman”, in Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse

Further reading[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

roman

  1. Roman

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay roman, from Dutch roman, from French roman, from Old French romanz (common language (as opposed to Latin)), from Vulgar Latin romanicē (in the way of the Romans (as opposed to the Franks)), from Latin rōmānicus < rōmānus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈro.man/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧man

Noun[edit]

roman (first-person possessive romanku, second-person possessive romanmu, third-person possessive romannya)

  1. A novel.
    Synonym: novel

Etymology 2[edit]

From Indonesian romansa, from Dutch romance, from German Romanze, from French romance, from Spanish romance, itself probably a borrowing from either Old French romanz or Old Occitan romans, meaning a narrative work in the vernacular speech, from Vulgar Latin romanicē (in a Roman manner), ultimately from Latin rōmānicus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈro.man/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧man

Noun[edit]

roman (first-person possessive romanku, second-person possessive romanmu, third-person possessive romannya)

  1. (colloquial) A love story.

Further reading[edit]


Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch roman, from French roman, from Old French romanz (common language (as opposed to Latin)), from Vulgar Latin romanicē (in the way of the Romans (as opposed to the Franks)), from Latin rōmānicus < rōmānus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈro.man/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧man

Noun[edit]

roman (plural roman-roman, informal 1st possessive romanku, impolite 2nd possessive romanmu, 3rd possessive romannya)

  1. (obsolete) A novel, story written in long prose.
    Synonym: novel

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From French roman.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

roman m (definite singular romanen, indefinite plural romaner, definite plural romanene)

  1. A novel (work of fiction).

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From French roman.

Noun[edit]

roman m (definite singular romanen, indefinite plural romanar, definite plural romanane)

  1. A novel (work of fiction).

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French roman (novel, epic), from Old French romanz.

Noun[edit]

roman n (plural romane)

  1. A novel, epic (work of fiction).
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French roman (a medieval romance).

Noun[edit]

roman n (plural romane)

  1. A Medieval romance.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Latin rōmānus. Doublet of român (Romanian) and rumân, which was inherited.

Adjective[edit]

roman m or n (feminine singular romană, masculine plural romani, feminine and neuter plural romane)

  1. Roman
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

roman m (plural romani, feminine equivalent romană)

  1. A Roman.
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French roman.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rǒmaːn/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧man

Noun[edit]

ròmān m (Cyrillic spelling ро̀ма̄н)

  1. A novel (work of fiction).

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • roman” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

romȃn m inan

  1. A novel (work of fiction).

Inflection[edit]

Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. román
gen. sing. romána
singular dual plural
nominative román romána románi
accusative román romána románe
genitive romána románov románov
dative románu románoma románom
locative románu románih románih
instrumental románom románoma románi

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

roman c

  1. A novel (work of fiction).

Declension[edit]

Declension of roman 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative roman romanen romaner romanerna
Genitive romans romanens romaners romanernas

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French roman.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

roman (definite accusative romanı, plural romanlar)

  1. A novel (work of fiction).

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative roman
Definite accusative romanı
Singular Plural
Nominative roman romanlar
Definite accusative romanı romanları
Dative romana romanlara
Locative romanda romanlarda
Ablative romandan romanlardan
Genitive romanın romanların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular romanım romanlarım
2nd singular romanın romanların
3rd singular romanı romanları
1st plural romanımız romanlarımız
2nd plural romanınız romanlarınız
3rd plural romanları romanları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular romanımı romanlarımı
2nd singular romanını romanlarını
3rd singular romanını romanlarını
1st plural romanımızı romanlarımızı
2nd plural romanınızı romanlarınızı
3rd plural romanlarını romanlarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular romanıma romanlarıma
2nd singular romanına romanlarına
3rd singular romanına romanlarına
1st plural romanımıza romanlarımıza
2nd plural romanınıza romanlarınıza
3rd plural romanlarına romanlarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular romanımda romanlarımda
2nd singular romanında romanlarında
3rd singular romanında romanlarında
1st plural romanımızda romanlarımızda
2nd plural romanınızda romanlarınızda
3rd plural romanlarında romanlarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular romanımdan romanlarımdan
2nd singular romanından romanlarından
3rd singular romanından romanlarından
1st plural romanımızdan romanlarımızdan
2nd plural romanınızdan romanlarınızdan
3rd plural romanlarından romanlarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular romanımın romanlarımın
2nd singular romanının romanlarının
3rd singular romanının romanlarının
1st plural romanımızın romanlarımızın
2nd plural romanınızın romanlarınızın
3rd plural romanlarının romanlarının
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular romanım romanlarım
2nd singular romansın romanlarsın
3rd singular roman
romandır
romanlar
romanlardır
1st plural romanız romanlarız
2nd plural romansınız romanlarsınız
3rd plural romanlar romanlardır