roman

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: róman, román, român, Roman, and Rómán

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: rōmən, IPA(key): /ˈɹəʊmən/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧man

Adjective[edit]

roman (not comparable)

  1. (of type, typography) upright, as opposed to italic
    Antonyms: italic, italicised, italicized, oblique, slanted, sloped
  2. (of text, computing) of or related to the Latin alphabet

Noun[edit]

roman (uncountable)

  1. (typography) One of the main three types used for the Latin alphabet (the others being italics and blackletter), in which the ascenders are mostly straight.
  2. (archaic) A novel.
    • 2014, "Novel and Romance: Etymologies". Heyworth, Gregory; Logan, Peter Melville (ed.). Encyclopedia of the Novel, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, p. 942. →ISBN
      Samuel Johnson, writing in his Dictionary of the English Language (1755), [defined] "novel [as] a small tale, generally of love." To modern sensibilities, Johnson's novel resembles more closely the novella in dimension and the romance in substance. [...] [T]he term romance, or roman, once interchangeable with novel in English, retains the meaning of novel in Germany, France, Russia, and most of Europe, while in the anglophone world it has been demoted to frivolity.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Roman type on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Likely from Russian рома́н (román), ultimately from French roman.

Noun[edit]

roman

  1. novel

Declension[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

roman

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of romandre
  2. second-person singular imperative form of romandre

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

roman

  1. novel, epic
  2. Romanian
    Synonyms: rоmen, rumın

Declension[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

roman c (singular definite romanen, plural indefinite romaner)

  1. novel (work of fiction)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French roman.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /roːˈmɑn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ro‧man

Noun[edit]

roman m (plural romans, diminutive romannetje n)

  1. novel (work of fiction)

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

In the 19th century, borrowed from Latin romanus.[1] or from the French noun below [2], originally from Old French romanz (common language).

Adjective[edit]

roman (feminine singular romane, masculine plural romans, feminine plural romanes)

  1. (linguistics) Romance
  2. (art) romanesque

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French romanz (common language (as opposed to Latin)), from Vulgar Latin romanicē (in the way of the Romans (as opposed to the Franks)), from Latin rōmānicus < rōmānus.[3]. The meaning “common language” changed into “book in common language” and then into “adventure novel”.[1] See also romance, of the same ultimate origin but borrowed through Spanish.

Noun[edit]

roman m (plural romans)

  1. novel (work of fiction)
  2. (colloquial) a very long text
    Il nous écrit un roman encore.(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    See pavé.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Russian: рома́н (román) (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Picoche, Jacqueline; Jean-Claude Rolland (2009), “Annexe IV, roman”, in Dictionnaire étymologique du français (in French), Paris: Dictionnaires Le Robert
  2. ^ http://www.cnrtl.fr/etymologie/roman
  3. ^ Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964), “roman”, in Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse

Further reading[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch roman, from French roman, from Old French romanz (common language (as opposed to Latin)), from Vulgar Latin romanicē (in the way of the Romans (as opposed to the Franks)), from Latin rōmānicus < rōmānus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈro.man/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧man

Noun[edit]

roman (plural, first-person possessive romanku, second-person possessive romanmu, third-person possessive romannya)

  1. novel.
    Synonym: novel

Etymology 2[edit]

Form Dutch romance, from German Romanze, from French romance, from Spanish romance, itself probably a borrowing from either Old French romanz or Old Occitan romans, meaning a narrative work in the vernacular speech, from Vulgar Latin *romanĭce (in a Roman manner), ultimately from Latin rōmānicus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈro.man/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧man

Noun[edit]

roman (plural, first-person possessive romanku, second-person possessive romanmu, third-person possessive romannya)

  1. (colloquial) love story.

Further reading[edit]


Interlingue[edit]

Adjective[edit]

roman

  1. Roman

Noun[edit]

roman (plural romanes)

  1. novel

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From French roman.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

roman m (definite singular romanen, indefinite plural romaner, definite plural romanene)

  1. a novel (work of fiction)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From French roman.

Noun[edit]

roman m (definite singular romanen, indefinite plural romanar, definite plural romanane)

  1. a novel (work of fiction)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French roman (novel, epic), from Old French romanz.

Noun[edit]

roman n (plural romane)

  1. novel, epic (work of fiction)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French roman (a medieval romance).

Noun[edit]

roman n (plural romane)

  1. Medieval romance
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Latin rōmānus. Doublet of român (Romanian) and rumân, which was inherited.

Adjective[edit]

roman m or n (feminine singular romană, masculine plural romani, feminine and neuter plural romane)

  1. Roman
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

roman m (plural romani, feminine equivalent romană)

  1. Roman
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French roman.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rǒmaːn/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧man

Noun[edit]

ròmān m (Cyrillic spelling ро̀ма̄н)

  1. novel (work of fiction)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • roman” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

romȃn m inan

  1. novel (work of fiction)

Inflection[edit]

Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. román
gen. sing. romána
singular dual plural
nominative román romána románi
accusative román romána románe
genitive romána románov románov
dative románu románoma románom
locative románu románih románih
instrumental románom románoma románi

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

roman c

  1. novel (work of fiction)

Declension[edit]

Declension of roman 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative roman romanen romaner romanerna
Genitive romans romanens romaners romanernas

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French roman.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

roman (definite accusative romanı, plural romanlar)

  1. novel (work of fiction)

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative roman
Definite accusative romanı
Singular Plural
Nominative roman romanlar
Definite accusative romanı romanları
Dative romana romanlara
Locative romanda romanlarda
Ablative romandan romanlardan
Genitive romanın romanların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular romanım romanlarım
2nd singular romanın romanların
3rd singular romanı romanları
1st plural romanımız romanlarımız
2nd plural romanınız romanlarınız
3rd plural romanları romanları
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular romanım romanlarım
2nd singular romansın romanlarsın
3rd singular roman
romandır
romanlar
romanlardır
1st plural romanız romanlarız
2nd plural romansınız romanlarsınız
3rd plural romanlar romanlardır