upright

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See also: Upright

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English upright, uppryght, upriht, from Old English upriht (upright; erect), from Proto-Germanic *upprehtaz, equivalent to up- +‎ right. Cognate with Saterland Frisian apgjucht (upright), West Frisian oprjocht (upright), Dutch oprecht (upright), German Low German uprecht (upright), German aufrecht (upright), Swedish upprätt (upright), Icelandic upprétt (upright).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ˈʌpɹaɪt/

Adjective[edit]

upright (comparative more upright, superlative most upright)

  1. Vertical; erect.
    I was standing upright, waiting for my orders.
    • 1608, William Shakespeare, The merry Deuill of Edmonton, introduction, lines 1–4
      Fab[ell]: What meanes the tolling of this fatall chime, // O what a trembling horror ſtrikes my hart! // My ſtiffned haire ſtands vpright on my head, // As doe the briſtles of a porcupine.
    • 1782, Fanny Burney, Cecilia; or, Memoirs of an Heiress, volume V, Book X, chapter X: “A Termination”, page 372
      Supported by pillows, ſhe ſat almoſt upright.
    • 2006, Neil A. Campbell, Biology: concepts & connections, page 404:
      Upright posture evolved well before an enlarged brain in hominids.
  2. Greater in height than breadth.
  3. (figuratively) Of good morals; practicing ethical values.
    • 1611, King James Version, Job 1:1:
      There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil.
  4. (of a golf club) Having the head approximately at a right angle with the shaft.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (vertical, erect): surrect (obsolete, rare)

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

upright (comparative more upright, superlative most upright)

  1. in or into an upright position

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

upright (plural uprights)

  1. Any vertical part of a structure, especially one of the goal posts in sports.
    • 2011 January 5, Mark Ashenden, “Wolverhampton 1 - 0 Chelsea”, in BBC[1]:
      Chelsea improved, with Salomon Kalou denied by goalkeeper Wayne Hennessey and Didier Drogba hitting the upright.
  2. A word clued by the successive initial, middle, or final letters of the cross-lights in a double acrostic or triple acrostic.
  3. (informal) An upright piano.
  4. (informal) An upright arcade game cabinet.
    • 2013, Jon Peddie, The History of Visual Magic in Computers (page 181)
      The video arcade machines are typically in stand up arcade cabinets, although some have been built as tables. The uprights have a monitor and controls in front and players insert coins or tokens into the machines to play the game.
  5. Short for upright vacuum cleaner.

Holonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

upright (third-person singular simple present uprights, present participle uprighting, simple past and past participle uprighted)

  1. (transitive) To set upright or stand back up (something that has fallen).