Ἀφροδίτη

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Ancient Greek[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The theonym is found in Homer and Hesiod (ca. 8th century b.c.). Apparently it is a compound, ἀφρο-δίτη, and the traditional explanation connects the first part with ἀφρός "foam".[1]
There is no etymology generally accepted in scholarship. Some propose that the name in its entirety is a loan from a non-Greek language.[2][3] Older sources propose a Greek etymology. The latter usually connect the -δίτη with the verb δέατο "to shine, to appear, seem" (Homeric δῆλος "visible, conspicuous, clear") and interpret the name as originating as a title of the dawn goddess.[4][5]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Ἀφροδῑ́τη ‎(Aphrodī́tēf ‎(genitive Ἀφροδίτης); first declension

  1. Aphrodite

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paul Kretschmer, “Zum pamphylischen Dialekt”, Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung auf dem Gebiet der Indogermanischen Sprachen 33 (1895): 267.
  2. ^ Robert Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, vol. 1 (Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2010), 179.
  3. ^ Martin Litchfield West, “The Name of Aphrodite”, Glotta 76 (2000): 134-8.
  4. ^ Ernst Maaß, “Aphrodite und die hl. Pelagia”, Neue Jahrbücher für das klassische Altertum 27 (1911): 457-468.
  5. ^ Vittore Pisani, “Akmon e Dieus”, Archivio glottologico italiano 24 (1930): 65-73.