Ἀφροδίτη

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Ancient Greek[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The theonym is found in Homer and Hesiod (ca. 8th century BCE). Apparently it is a compound, ἀφρο (aphro) +‎ δίτη (dítē), and the traditional explanation connects the first part with ἀφρός (aphrós, foam).[1]
There is no etymology generally accepted in scholarship. Some propose that the name in its entirety is a loan from a non-Greek language.[2][3] Older[4][5] as well as some newer studies[6] propose a Greek etymology, connecting -δίτη (-dítē) with the verb δέατο (déato, to shine, to appear, seem) (Homeric δῆλος (dêlos, visible, conspicuous, clear)) and interpret the name as originating from a epithet of the dawn goddess Ἠώς (Ēṓs).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /a.pʰro.dǐː.tɛː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /a.pʰroˈdi.te/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /a.ɸroˈði.ti/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /a.froˈði.ti/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /a.froˈði.ti/
  • Proper noun[edit]

    Ἀφροδῑ́τη (Aphrodī́tēf (genitive Ἀφροδίτης); first declension

    1. Aphrodite

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Paul Kretschmer, “Zum pamphylischen Dialekt”, Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung auf dem Gebiet der Indogermanischen Sprachen 33 (1895): 267.
    2. ^ Robert Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, vol. 1 (Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2010), 179.
    3. ^ Martin Litchfield West, “The Name of Aphrodite”, Glotta 76 (2000): 134-8.
    4. ^ Ernst Maaß, “Aphrodite und die hl. Pelagia”, Neue Jahrbücher für das klassische Altertum 27 (1911): 457-468.
    5. ^ Vittore Pisani, “Akmon e Dieus”, Archivio glottologico italiano 24 (1930): 65-73.
    6. ^ Michael Janda, Elysion. Entstehung und Entwicklung der griechischen Religion, (Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen, 2005), pp. 349–360; id., Die Musik nach dem Chaos: der Schöpfungsmythos der europäischen Vorzeit (Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen, 2010), 65.